Front-end Web Development/Notes

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Notes from previous [[Frontend Web Development]] classes.
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Notes from previous [[Front-end Web Development]] classes.
  
==== Class for 2013-09-30: Old vs. new: progressive enhancement and browser testing ====
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==== Class for 2014-04-28: Preprocessors ====
We talked about progressive enhancement - a practice where websites are created in a layered way that makes them accessible and cross-browser friendly. We looked at [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class19/sites.zip two versions of an example site] and demonstrated how one is outdated, and the other adheres to progressive enhancement principles. We've touched on these concepts throughout the whole class, but in this class we focused on why they're important, and what could happen if you DON'T adhere to them.
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Front-end code can often get very repetitive and hard to maintain. We'll expand upon last week's talk about backend code generation by introducing preprocessors - languages which compile into HTML, CSS, or JS. We've taken a look at PHP and ERB, but we'll also walk through languages that look nothing like HTML (HAML), and languages that compile into CSS (Less, Sass + Compass) and JS (CoffeeScript). These languages can make your life much easier as they help keep you from repeating yourself (DRY!). We'll also introduce Middleman, one of many workflow systems that makes using these languages easy.
  
This segued into a talk about browser testing - how to do it and what to look out for. We suggested using [http://modern.ie modern.IE] for virtualization tools.
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To prepare for this class, consider installing [https://rvm.io/ RVM] with the --ruby=2.0 flag if you're using OS X or Linux, or Ruby via [http://rubyinstaller.org/ RubyInstaller] for Windows. You can then install [http://middlemanapp.com/ Middleman].
  
We also mentioned [http://modernizr.com Modernizr], [http://necolas.github.io/normalize.css/ Normalize.css], and [http://html5boilerplate.com/ HTML5 Boilerplate].
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mKoUPy7mxNc Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class20/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p208hZ5Mg8M Lecture video]'''<br>
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==== Class for 2014-04-21: back-end web development ====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class19/sites.zip Lecture materials]'''
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This class is all about the seedy underbelly of web development: the backend!
  
==== Class for 2013-09-23: The mobile web ====
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I know we already have a [[Backend_web_dev_in_Ruby_on_Rails|Rails class here at Noisebridge]], but this one is tailored toward front-end developers wanting to get a taste of how things come together. We'll talk about PHP, then Express.js, then Rails.
We took [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class17/blog.zip this blog] and turned it into a mobile-accessible website via the use of media queries. We also talked about the rest of the world of the mobile web: user agent strings, frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch, and the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website and app development.
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p208hZ5Mg8M Lecture video]'''<br>
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During the recap period, we will set up your computers. But it's best to do this before arriving if possible. Here are the steps used for class preparation:
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class18/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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==== Class for 2013-09-16: CSS3 ====
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----
We'd covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We looked further into CSS3 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using them look good in less capable browsers.
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mv-bHgEPSVw Lecture video]'''<br>
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===== THE EASY WAY =====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class17/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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If you would like to follow along, the easiest option is to run a virtual machine.
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* Install [https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads VirtualBox AND the Extension Pack]
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* [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class19/Ubuntu.ova Download this preconfigured Ubuntu virtual machine (1.88GB)]
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* Double-click the .ova file. You should check the "reinitialize the MAC address" step.
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* Start the machine after installation and you're all set!
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* System username and password are both "front-end". Feel free to change them if that's uncomfortable.
  
==== Class for 2013-09-09: HTML5 elements ====
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===== THE HARDER WAY =====
We took an entertaining (in my opinion) look through [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class16/html.zip this page containing every currently valid HTML element]. Many of them are considered "HTML5" elements, but that's just because they're relatively new.
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If you don't want to use a virtual machine.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-ZaoiEt2Qw Lecture video]'''<br>
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On Linux, you'll need to follow these steps:
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class16/html.zip Lecture materials]'''
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* Run:
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** <code>sudo apt-get install nodejs</code>
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** <code>sudo apt-get install npm</code>
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* <code>wget --no-check-certificate https://raw.github.com/joshfng/railsready/master/railsready.sh && bash railsready.sh</code>
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** When installing, choose RVM.
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* https://help.ubuntu.com/community/ApacheMySQLPHP
  
==== Class for 2013-08-26: ClassName Swap, Language Review, RTFM, by Garrett Smith ====
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On OS X 10.9:
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* Install Node.JS: http://nodejs.org/
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* To install Rails, run:
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** <code>curl -O https://raw.github.com/joshfng/railsready/master/railsready.sh && bash railsready.sh</code>
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*** When installing, choose RVM.
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* For PHP, install MAMP: http://www.mamp.info/en/index.html
  
===== Lesson: CSS ClassName Swap =====
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On Windows or OS X 10.8 and below:
By changing an element's <code>className</code> multiple styles can be changed at one time.  
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* http://nodejs.org/ - install Node.JS
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* Use RailsInstaller: http://railsinstaller.org/
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* And for PHP:
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** Mac: http://www.mamp.info/en/index.html
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** Windows: http://www.wampserver.com/en/
  
Using the descendant selector, and changing the <code>className</code> of an ancestor element, multiple elements can be updated simultaneously, with a modicum of highly efficient code.
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===== THE HARDEST WAY =====
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Install Node.JS, NPM, Apache, PHP, RVM, Ruby, and Rails individually. Good luck!
  
For Styles, replace a loop that applies styles to descendants by adding a class token to the nearest common ancestor ([http://jibbering.com/faq/notes/code-guidelines/descendant-sel.html example], [http://jibbering.com/faq/notes/code-guidelines/#design explanation]).
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yMz7lvi9aWI Lecture video]'''<br>
  
====== Calculating Selector's Specificity ([http://www.w3.org/TR/CSS2/cascade.html#specificity CSS 2.1]). ======
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==== Class for 2014-04-14: version control (Git) and the command line ====
The classname swap example leverages the fact that class selectors (e.g. <code>.foo</code>) have higher specificity than element selectors (e.g. <code>tr</code>).
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This class is a general overview on version control and the command line. I've taught how to use an FTP client to upload files to the web, but the truth is that most developers don't do that anymore - rather, they collaborate with their peers by using version control systems, which allows them to keep track of their work in a reliable fashion and push it to the web.
  
CSS Selector specificity is determined four numbers, a-b-c-d, in a number system with a large base.
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Again, this class isn't about web development per se - it's just an important introduction to using the command line to work with Git, one of the most popular version control systems. Everyone will create their own fork of a repository and check in their work.
<blockquote cite="http://www.w3.org/TR/CSS2/cascade.html#specificity">
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    count 1 if the declaration is from is a 'style' attribute rather than a rule with a selector, 0 otherwise (= a) (In HTML, values of an element's "style" attribute are style sheet rules. These rules have no selectors, so a=1, b=0, c=0, and d=0.)
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    count the number of ID attributes in the selector (= b)
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    count the number of other attributes and pseudo-classes in the selector (= c)
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    count the number of element names and pseudo-elements in the selector (= d)
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</blockquote>
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===== RTFM =====
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There is no recap period for this class.
Unschooling and autodidacticism; an Intro to [http://www.catb.org/jargon/html/R/RTFM.html RTFM], RTFFAQ, and SFTW.
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Understanding defines the difference between the followers, who resort to mystical incantations or convoluted DOM libraries to do the work for them, and those who can implement project requirements, as specified, with [http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&ved=0CDMQtwIwAQ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fvimeo.com%2F13702091&ei=XN8eUtSTDuaaiQfo0oGwAw&usg=AFQjCNGkkzJmJXyBpBXpyVaHkpmsN1IUcQ&sig2=Ws2-2YmQJkgYwKCd7Bfx-Q&bvm=bv.51495398,d.aGc clean code (Vimeo)]. And not downloading free scripts off dynamic drive or [ jQuery], copying, or programming by observation.
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gyokfBklfI Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class18/shell-cheatsheet.txt Lecture materials]'''
  
When misunderstandings or debates arise, and that happens fairly often, it is important how to find the answer using STFW and RTFM,
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==== Class for 2014-04-07: The mobile web ====
and when that fails, how (and where ([https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html CIWAS], [https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/jsmentors JSMentors], [https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/comp.lang.javascript c.l.js], [https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html ciwah]) to ask a [http://www.catb.org/esr/faqs/smart-questions.html smart question].
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We'll take [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class17/blog.zip this blog] and turn it into a mobile-accessible website via the use of media queries. We'll also talk about the rest of the world of the mobile web: user agent strings (and why you shouldn't trust them), frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch (and why they're not perfect), and the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website and app development.
  
===== JavaScript Review =====
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n-jU1ALAayA Lecture video]'''<br>
====== Functions ======
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class17/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
* [http://kangax.github.io/nfe/ FunctionExpression vs FunctionDeclaration], [https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/comp.lang.javascript/tjVn1NjGDN8/QgOuxtAymqoJ MemberExpression], [http://www.ecma-international.org/ecma-262/5.1/#sec-11.2.1 PropertyAccessor] and [http://jibbering.com/faq/notes/square-brackets/ Square Brackets].
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====== Specifications ======
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==== Class for 2014-03-31: CSS3 ====
* [http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-262-arch.htm ECMAScript 1.3] and [http://www.ecma-international.org/ecma-262/5.1/ ECMAScript 5.1]
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We've covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We'll look further into CSS3 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using CSS3 look good in less capable browsers.
Other versions of ECMAScript, including E4X and Compact, are out of scope for this class.
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====== FAQ ======
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZx1h-9YYXA Lecture video]'''<br>
[http://jibbering.com/faq/ FAQ], also hosted on [http://www.fortybelow.ca/hosted/comp-lang-javascript/faq/ Matt's site].
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class16/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2013-08-12: More useful jQuery plugins ====
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==== Class for 2014-03-24: HTML5 elements ====
Our final jQuery-focused class touched on a number of other common plugins that are found in the wild. We took a closer look at Bootstrap and jQuery UI, and looked at plugins that make your page look super snazzy:
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We'll take an entertaining (in my opinion) look through [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class15/html.zip this page containing every currently valid HTML element]. Many of them are considered "HTML5" elements, but that's just because they're relatively new.
* [http://jqueryui.com/demos/datepicker/ Datepicker (jQuery UI)] - fancy datepickers appearing near your input fields
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* [http://jqueryui.com/demos/accordion/ Accordion (jQuery UI)] - collapse and unfold lists of elements
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* [http://getbootstrap.com/javascript/#scrollspy Scrollspy (Bootstrap)] - change navs to highlight where you are scrolled on a page
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* [http://jquery.malsup.com/cycle2/ Cycle] - make easy slideshows
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* [http://harvesthq.github.io/chosen/ Chosen] - style dropdowns
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hRs9HOD0aMo Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PjtkKkZEAbQ Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class15/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class15/html.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2013-08-05: Sign-up forms ====
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==== Class for 2014-03-17: Sign-up forms ====
We continued working on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class13/lecture.zip our site] and added a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We used the [http://jqueryvalidation.org/ jQuery Validation plugin]. Validation is a very common request from clients and it comes in handy to know all the tips and tricks of forms and validation, and what new HTML5 elements can provide.
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We'll continue working on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class13/lecture.zip our site] and add a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We'll learn about built-in HTML5 validation, but also use the [http://jqueryvalidation.org/ jQuery Validation plugin] to help us where browser support is necessary.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGJPBfWJWRc Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MSHmOcayp24 Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class14/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class14/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2013-07-29: Modals and menus ====
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==== Class for 2014-03-10: Modals and menus ====
We went back to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/noiseco.zip "professional" site we'd put together a number of weeks ago] and added more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We first made a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We did this by introducing [http://jqueryui.com/ jQuery UI] to make common user controls easier to create. We also added some dropdown functionality to our menus using pure CSS, but explained that jQuery UI can help out with the subtle nuances of menus.
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We'll go back to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/noiseco.zip "professional" site we put together a number of weeks ago] and add more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We'll first make a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We'll do this by introducing [http://jqueryui.com/ jQuery UI] to make common user controls easier to create. We'll also compare our CSS-only menu with one made with the help of jQuery, explaining the differences between the two.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ge2ZECyRRf8 Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IqqCLlciWtc Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class13/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class13/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2013-07-22: AJAX ====
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==== Class for 2014-03-03: AJAX ====
We talked about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We added AJAX functionality to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class11/lecture.zip our app we've been building on]. We used this [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class12/tweet.php.zip PHP file] to test it out.
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We'll talk about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We'll add AJAX functionality to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class11/lecture.zip our app we've been building on]. We'll use this [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class12/tweet.php.zip PHP file] to test it out.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hi1arhXXQsw Lecture video]'''<br>
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If you don't already have web hosting, please sign up for some at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net/ NearlyFreeSpeech.NET] for free (or very cheap). Also, install the [https://filezilla-project.org/ FileZilla Client].
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class12/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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==== Class for 2013-07-15: jQuery, cont'd ====
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EmwfupfKztk Lecture video]'''<br>
We continued learning about jQuery by focusing on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class10/lecture.zip the example we saw last week]. We added functionality to it that made it seem more like the real thing.
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class12/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6Bublxub3w Lecture video]'''<br>
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==== Class for 2014-02-24: jQuery, cont'd ====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class11/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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We'll continue learning about jQuery by focusing on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class10/lecture.zip the example we saw last class]. We'll add functionality to it that made it seem more like the real thing.
  
==== Class for 2013-07-08: jQuery ====
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eikIkAlVNlM Lecture video]'''<br>
We introduced jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier. jQuery is the most popular of many libraries that allow us to interact with the document easily, while also providing us with a few tools that are missing from the base language.
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class11/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
To learn what jQuery can do, we added some scripting to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class10/assets.zip this sample web app].
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==== Class for 2014-02-10: jQuery ====
 +
We'll introduce jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier. jQuery is the most popular of many libraries that allow us to interact with the document easily, while also providing us with a few tools that are missing from the base language.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IP3MgfcStxg Lecture video]'''<br>
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To learn what jQuery can do, we'll add some scripting to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class10/assets.zip this sample web app].
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class10/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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==== Class for 2013-07-01: JavaScript, cont'd ====
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XvNAepROnes Lecture video]'''<br>
We continued discussing JavaScript basics: arrays, objects, creating functions, and scopes.
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class10/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-Q5DhW8jpA Lecture video]'''<br>
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==== Class for 2014-02-03: JavaScript, cont'd ====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class9/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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We'll continue discussing JavaScript basics: arrays, objects, creating functions, and scopes.
  
==== Class for 2013-06-24: JavaScript ====
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qHcmLkhMkhA Lecture video]'''<br>
We talked about JavaScript: making web pages interactive through client-side code. We used the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language. This and next week's class can be treated as a general introduction to programming.
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class9/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfd78FpYPuI Lecture video]'''<br>
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==== Class for 2014-01-27: JavaScript ====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class8/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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We'll talk about JavaScript: making web pages interactive through client-side code. We'll use the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language. This and next week's class can be treated as a general introduction to programming.
  
==== Class for 2013-06-17: HTTP & SFTP ====
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNqTmmhEj8k Lecture video]'''<br>
We talked about file transfer: HTTP, which is the method of getting and sending information in the web browser, and SFTP, which is a method of securely uploading files to a web host.
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class8/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
We set up free web hosting accounts at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net NearlyFreeSpeech.NET], and uploaded to them using [http://filezilla-project.org the FileZilla client].
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==== Class for 2014-01-20: HTTP & SFTP ====
 +
We'll talk about file transfer: HTTP, which is the method of getting and sending information in the web browser, and SFTP, which is a method of securely uploading files to a web host.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfJxBeNzbvQ Lecture video]'''
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We'll set up free web hosting accounts at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net NearlyFreeSpeech.NET], and upload to them using [http://filezilla-project.org the FileZilla client].
  
==== Class for 2013-06-03: Working from professional mockups, cont'd ====
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8rpnf_BHxE Lecture video]'''<br>
We continued putting our professional-looking site together from [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class5/lecture.zip where we left off]. We focused on some fancy CSS3 techniques, and we saw how to make an interactive dropdown menu with no JavaScript.
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class7/lecture.txt Lecture materials]'''
  
We didn't exactly finish, but I went ahead and put on the finishing touches. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/noiseco The final product can be found here] (but where we left off can be found in the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/lecture.zip lecture materials]).
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==== Class for 2014-01-13: Working from professional mockups, cont'd ====
 +
We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version] to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WMeTFrR1rtA Lecture video]'''<br>
+
We didn't exactly finish, but I went ahead and put on the finishing touches. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/noiseco The final product can be found here] (but where we left off can be found in the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class6/lecture.zip lecture materials]).
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2013-05-20: Working from professional mockups ====
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'''No video for this class. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WMeTFrR1rtA Try last series's video.]'''<br>
We took the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and worked off of something given to us by a designer (me).
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class6/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
We worked off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version] to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
+
==== Class for 2014-01-06: Working from professional mockups ====
 +
We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version] to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Y6MxRAPfLs Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''No video for this class. [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Y6MxRAPfLs Try last series's video.]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class5/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class5/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2013-05-13: CSS positioning ====
+
==== Class for 2013-12-09: CSS positioning ====
In the last few classes, we focused on element measurements and floats. This time, we focused on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, and using absolute, relative, or fixed positioning to put the elements anywhere we want on the whole page.
+
In the last few classes, we've focused on element measurements and floats. This time, we'll focus on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, and using absolute, relative, or fixed positioning to put the elements anywhere we want on the whole page.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IxROKEWIjB8 Lecture video]'''<br>
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q453KMiCC2s Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class4/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class4/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2013-05-06: CSS floats ====
+
==== Class for 2013-12-02: CSS floats ====
Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We learned about floats by taking a look at some examples, then took a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/mockup.png mockup] and created a site from it.
+
Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We'll learn about floats by taking a look at some examples, then take a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/mockup.png mockup] and create a site from it.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5j6oA4sS99U Lecture video]'''<br>
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class3/answersheet.zip The site's final code (not finished in class) is here.]
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class3/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2013-04-22: CSS selectors and the box model ====
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fw_U7YZzbW0 Lecture video]'''<br>
CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we looked at them further in-depth. We also talked about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class3/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqQph1vry7A Lecture video]'''<br>
+
==== Class for 2013-11-18: CSS selectors and the box model ====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class2/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we'll look at them further in-depth. We'll also talk about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.
  
==== Class for 2013-04-15: the basics ====
+
'''No video for this class. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqQph1vry7A Try last series's video.]'''<br>
We covered the very basics:
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class2/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
* Explaining "frontend" vs. "backend"
+
 
 +
==== Class for 2013-11-11: the basics ====
 +
<span style="color:green">'''THIS is the class to attend if you are a complete beginner!'''</span> We are starting the curriculum of this class from square one. We'll cover the very basics:
 +
* Explaining "front-end" vs. "back-end"
 
* Discussing tools of the trade
 
* Discussing tools of the trade
 
* Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
 
* Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
 
* Writing a basic HTML page
 
* Writing a basic HTML page
 
* Styling the page with basic CSS
 
* Styling the page with basic CSS
* Explaining the role of frontend web development as a job and career
+
* Explaining the role of front-end web development as a job and career
 +
 
 +
No recap session for this class. Please show up '''promptly''' at or before 8pm, as physical space is limited. Bring a laptop!
 +
 
 +
P.S. This might be the last series I teach for a while. I might take a longer break after the end of the series (in about 6 months). We'll see. But if you've been meaning to attend, this is your chance!
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmDCjhCuNtU Lecture video]'''<br>
+
'''No video for this class. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmDCjhCuNtU Try last series's video.]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class1/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class1/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
 
----
 
----
  
 
[[Frontend_Web_Development/Notes/Archive|Notes archive]]
 
[[Frontend_Web_Development/Notes/Archive|Notes archive]]

Revision as of 18:17, 29 April 2014

Notes from previous Front-end Web Development classes.

Contents

Class for 2014-04-28: Preprocessors

Front-end code can often get very repetitive and hard to maintain. We'll expand upon last week's talk about backend code generation by introducing preprocessors - languages which compile into HTML, CSS, or JS. We've taken a look at PHP and ERB, but we'll also walk through languages that look nothing like HTML (HAML), and languages that compile into CSS (Less, Sass + Compass) and JS (CoffeeScript). These languages can make your life much easier as they help keep you from repeating yourself (DRY!). We'll also introduce Middleman, one of many workflow systems that makes using these languages easy.

To prepare for this class, consider installing RVM with the --ruby=2.0 flag if you're using OS X or Linux, or Ruby via RubyInstaller for Windows. You can then install Middleman.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-04-21: back-end web development

This class is all about the seedy underbelly of web development: the backend!

I know we already have a Rails class here at Noisebridge, but this one is tailored toward front-end developers wanting to get a taste of how things come together. We'll talk about PHP, then Express.js, then Rails.

During the recap period, we will set up your computers. But it's best to do this before arriving if possible. Here are the steps used for class preparation:


THE EASY WAY

If you would like to follow along, the easiest option is to run a virtual machine.

THE HARDER WAY

If you don't want to use a virtual machine.

On Linux, you'll need to follow these steps:

On OS X 10.9:

On Windows or OS X 10.8 and below:

THE HARDEST WAY

Install Node.JS, NPM, Apache, PHP, RVM, Ruby, and Rails individually. Good luck!

Lecture video

Class for 2014-04-14: version control (Git) and the command line

This class is a general overview on version control and the command line. I've taught how to use an FTP client to upload files to the web, but the truth is that most developers don't do that anymore - rather, they collaborate with their peers by using version control systems, which allows them to keep track of their work in a reliable fashion and push it to the web.

Again, this class isn't about web development per se - it's just an important introduction to using the command line to work with Git, one of the most popular version control systems. Everyone will create their own fork of a repository and check in their work.

There is no recap period for this class.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-04-07: The mobile web

We'll take this blog and turn it into a mobile-accessible website via the use of media queries. We'll also talk about the rest of the world of the mobile web: user agent strings (and why you shouldn't trust them), frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch (and why they're not perfect), and the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website and app development.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-03-31: CSS3

We've covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We'll look further into CSS3 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using CSS3 look good in less capable browsers.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-03-24: HTML5 elements

We'll take an entertaining (in my opinion) look through this page containing every currently valid HTML element. Many of them are considered "HTML5" elements, but that's just because they're relatively new.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-03-17: Sign-up forms

We'll continue working on our site and add a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We'll learn about built-in HTML5 validation, but also use the jQuery Validation plugin to help us where browser support is necessary.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-03-10: Modals and menus

We'll go back to the "professional" site we put together a number of weeks ago and add more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We'll first make a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We'll do this by introducing jQuery UI to make common user controls easier to create. We'll also compare our CSS-only menu with one made with the help of jQuery, explaining the differences between the two.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-03-03: AJAX

We'll talk about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We'll add AJAX functionality to our app we've been building on. We'll use this PHP file to test it out.

If you don't already have web hosting, please sign up for some at NearlyFreeSpeech.NET for free (or very cheap). Also, install the FileZilla Client.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-02-24: jQuery, cont'd

We'll continue learning about jQuery by focusing on the example we saw last class. We'll add functionality to it that made it seem more like the real thing.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-02-10: jQuery

We'll introduce jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier. jQuery is the most popular of many libraries that allow us to interact with the document easily, while also providing us with a few tools that are missing from the base language.

To learn what jQuery can do, we'll add some scripting to this sample web app.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-02-03: JavaScript, cont'd

We'll continue discussing JavaScript basics: arrays, objects, creating functions, and scopes.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-01-27: JavaScript

We'll talk about JavaScript: making web pages interactive through client-side code. We'll use the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language. This and next week's class can be treated as a general introduction to programming.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-01-20: HTTP & SFTP

We'll talk about file transfer: HTTP, which is the method of getting and sending information in the web browser, and SFTP, which is a method of securely uploading files to a web host.

We'll set up free web hosting accounts at NearlyFreeSpeech.NET, and upload to them using the FileZilla client.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-01-13: Working from professional mockups, cont'd

We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of this mockup and its annotated version to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). Image assets can be found here.

We didn't exactly finish, but I went ahead and put on the finishing touches. The final product can be found here (but where we left off can be found in the lecture materials).

No video for this class. Try last series's video.
Lecture materials

Class for 2014-01-06: Working from professional mockups

We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of this mockup and its annotated version to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). Image assets can be found here.

No video for this class. Try last series's video.
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-12-09: CSS positioning

In the last few classes, we've focused on element measurements and floats. This time, we'll focus on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, and using absolute, relative, or fixed positioning to put the elements anywhere we want on the whole page.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-12-02: CSS floats

Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We'll learn about floats by taking a look at some examples, then take a mockup and create a site from it.

The site's final code (not finished in class) is here.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-11-18: CSS selectors and the box model

CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we'll look at them further in-depth. We'll also talk about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.

No video for this class. Try last series's video.
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-11-11: the basics

THIS is the class to attend if you are a complete beginner! We are starting the curriculum of this class from square one. We'll cover the very basics:

  • Explaining "front-end" vs. "back-end"
  • Discussing tools of the trade
  • Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
  • Writing a basic HTML page
  • Styling the page with basic CSS
  • Explaining the role of front-end web development as a job and career

No recap session for this class. Please show up promptly at or before 8pm, as physical space is limited. Bring a laptop!

P.S. This might be the last series I teach for a while. I might take a longer break after the end of the series (in about 6 months). We'll see. But if you've been meaning to attend, this is your chance!

No video for this class. Try last series's video.
Lecture materials


Notes archive

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