Front-end Web Development/Notes

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Notes from previous [[Frontend Web Development]] classes.
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Notes from previous [[Front-end Web Development]] classes.
  
=== Series 3 ===
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==== Class for 2014-04-21: back-end web development ====
==== Class for 2013-01-07: AJAX ====
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This class is all about the seedy underbelly of web development: the backend!
We talked about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We added AJAX functionality to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class10/lecture.zip our app we've been building on]. We used this [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class9/tweet.php.zip PHP file] to test it out.
+
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tS-uoDnslh8 Lecture video]'''<br>
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I know we already have a [[Backend_web_dev_in_Ruby_on_Rails|Rails class here at Noisebridge]], but this one is tailored toward front-end developers wanting to get a taste of how things come together. We'll talk about PHP, then Express.js, then Rails.
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class12/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2012-12-17: File transfer ====
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During the recap period, we will set up your computers. But it's best to do this before arriving if possible. Here are the steps used for class preparation:
We talked about file transfer - not only uploading files using FTP, but using the web browser to get and send information via forms and other methods (an overall talk about HTTP GET/POST).
+
  
We downloaded and installed [http://filezilla-project.org FileZilla] and signed up for a [https://nearlyfreespeech.net NearlyFreeSpeech.NET] hosting account.
+
----
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ohL0FRC9us8 Lecture video]'''<br>
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===== THE EASY WAY =====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class11/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
If you would like to follow along, the easiest option is to run a virtual machine.
 +
* Install [https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads VirtualBox AND the Extension Pack]
 +
* [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class19/Ubuntu.ova Download this preconfigured Ubuntu virtual machine (1.88GB)]
 +
* Double-click the .ova file. You should check the "reinitialize the MAC address" step.
 +
* Start the machine after installation and you're all set!
 +
* System username and password are both "front-end". Feel free to change them if that's uncomfortable.
  
==== Class for 2012-12-10: jQuery, cont'd ====
+
===== THE HARDER WAY =====
We continued learning about jQuery by focusing on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/answer%20sheet.zip the example we saw last week]. We're added functionality to it that made it seem more like the real thing.
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If you don't want to use a virtual machine.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KMKdZ0IlD48 Lecture video]'''<br>
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On Linux, you'll need to follow these steps:
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class10/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
* Run:
 +
** <code>sudo apt-get install nodejs</code>
 +
** <code>sudo apt-get install npm</code>
 +
* <code>wget --no-check-certificate https://raw.github.com/joshfng/railsready/master/railsready.sh && bash railsready.sh</code>
 +
** When installing, choose RVM.
 +
* https://help.ubuntu.com/community/ApacheMySQLPHP
  
==== Class for 2012-12-03: jQuery ====
+
On OS X 10.9:
We introduced jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier.
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* Install Node.JS: http://nodejs.org/
 +
* To install Rails, run:
 +
** <code>curl -O https://raw.github.com/joshfng/railsready/master/railsready.sh && bash railsready.sh</code>
 +
*** When installing, choose RVM.
 +
* For PHP, install MAMP: http://www.mamp.info/en/index.html
  
'''No video for this class. :('''<br>
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On Windows or OS X 10.8 and below:
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class9/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
* http://nodejs.org/ - install Node.JS
 +
* Use RailsInstaller: http://railsinstaller.org/
 +
* And for PHP:
 +
** Mac: http://www.mamp.info/en/index.html
 +
** Windows: http://www.wampserver.com/en/
  
==== Class for 2012-11-26: JavaScript, cont'd ====
+
===== THE HARDEST WAY =====
We continued discussed JavaScript basics: arrays, iterators, loops, creating functions, and the debugger.
+
Install Node.JS, NPM, Apache, PHP, RVM, Ruby, and Rails individually. Good luck!
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_4Z33l0lnY Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yMz7lvi9aWI Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class8/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2012-11-12: JavaScript ====
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==== Class for 2014-04-14: version control (Git) and the command line ====
We talked about JavaScript: making webpages interactive through client-side code. We used the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language.
+
This class is a general overview on version control and the command line. I've taught how to use an FTP client to upload files to the web, but the truth is that most developers don't do that anymore - rather, they collaborate with their peers by using version control systems, which allows them to keep track of their work in a reliable fashion and push it to the web.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SP6_pd25-Ps Lecture video]'''<br>
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Again, this class isn't about web development per se - it's just an important introduction to using the command line to work with Git, one of the most popular version control systems. Everyone will create their own fork of a repository and check in their work.
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class7/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2012-11-05: Working from professional mockups, cont'd ====
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There is no recap period for this class.
We continued putting our professional-looking site together from [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class5/lecture.zip where we left off].
+
  
As a reminder, here is the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version]. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gyokfBklfI Lecture video]'''<br>
 +
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class18/shell-cheatsheet.txt Lecture materials]'''
  
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class11/index.html Here is the code that the mockup was based off of] - a good way to check your work. It might differ slightly from what we did in class.
+
==== Class for 2014-04-07: The mobile web ====
 +
We'll take [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class17/blog.zip this blog] and turn it into a mobile-accessible website via the use of media queries. We'll also talk about the rest of the world of the mobile web: user agent strings (and why you shouldn't trust them), frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch (and why they're not perfect), and the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website and app development.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvC4ZLFpbtE Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n-jU1ALAayA Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class6/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class17/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-10-22: Working from professional mockups ====
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==== Class for 2014-03-31: CSS3 ====
We worked off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version] to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
+
We've covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We'll look further into CSS3 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using CSS3 look good in less capable browsers.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=to3-VjUPU64 Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZx1h-9YYXA Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class5/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class16/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-10-15: CSS floats ====
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==== Class for 2014-03-24: HTML5 elements ====
Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We learned about floats by taking a look at some examples, then took a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/mockup.png mockup] and created a site from it.
+
We'll take an entertaining (in my opinion) look through [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class15/html.zip this page containing every currently valid HTML element]. Many of them are considered "HTML5" elements, but that's just because they're relatively new.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJeN9P8x1VE Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PjtkKkZEAbQ Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class4/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class15/html.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-10-08: CSS positioning ====
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==== Class for 2014-03-17: Sign-up forms ====
We focused on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, positioning them absolutely on the page, positioning them relatively, fixed and more.
+
We'll continue working on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class13/lecture.zip our site] and add a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We'll learn about built-in HTML5 validation, but also use the [http://jqueryvalidation.org/ jQuery Validation plugin] to help us where browser support is necessary.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nTL_YDz3zmo Lecture video]'''<br>
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'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MSHmOcayp24 Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class3/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
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'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class14/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-10-01: CSS selectors and the box model ====
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==== Class for 2014-03-10: Modals and menus ====
CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we looked at them further in-depth. We also talked about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.
+
We'll go back to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/noiseco.zip "professional" site we put together a number of weeks ago] and add more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We'll first make a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We'll do this by introducing [http://jqueryui.com/ jQuery UI] to make common user controls easier to create. We'll also compare our CSS-only menu with one made with the help of jQuery, explaining the differences between the two.
  
'''No video for this class. :('''<br>
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IqqCLlciWtc Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class2/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class13/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-09-24: the basics ====
+
==== Class for 2014-03-03: AJAX ====
We covered the very basics:
+
We'll talk about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We'll add AJAX functionality to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class11/lecture.zip our app we've been building on]. We'll use this [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class12/tweet.php.zip PHP file] to test it out.
* Explaining "frontend" vs. "backend"
+
* Discussing tools of the trade
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* Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
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* Writing a basic HTML page
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* Styling the page with basic CSS
+
* Explaining the role of frontend web development as a job and career
+
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r87aEOpelzQ Lecture video]'''<br>
+
If you don't already have web hosting, please sign up for some at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net/ NearlyFreeSpeech.NET] for free (or very cheap). Also, install the [https://filezilla-project.org/ FileZilla Client].
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class1/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
=== Series 2 ===
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EmwfupfKztk Lecture video]'''<br>
==== Class for 2012-09-10: Preprocessors ====
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class12/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
This class expanded upon the topic of web frameworks by talking about preprocessor languages - languages which compile into HTML, CSS, or JS. We'd taken a look at PHP and ERB, but we also walked through languages that look nothing like HTML (HAML), and languages that compile into CSS (Less, Sass + Compass) and JS (CoffeeScript). These languages can make your life much easier as they help keep you from repeating yourself (DRY!).
+
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=idizayqUsng Lecture video]'''<br>
+
==== Class for 2014-02-24: jQuery, cont'd ====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class20/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
We'll continue learning about jQuery by focusing on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class10/lecture.zip the example we saw last class]. We'll add functionality to it that made it seem more like the real thing.
  
==== Class for 2012-08-27: Backend web development ====
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eikIkAlVNlM Lecture video]'''<br>
This class was all about the seedy underbelly of web development: the backend! We talked about HTTP, web servers (like Apache), preprocessor languages (like PHP and ERB), web frameworks (like Rails), and databases (like SQLite). Sound daunting? Well, it kind of is, but this 2-hour session might have alleviated a small portion of your fears!
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class11/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
To prepare for this class, you could either set up a PHP-powered web server on your laptop ([http://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/58247/how-do-i-enable-php-on-mountain-lion-os-x-10-8 Mac instructions]), or get an account at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net/ NearlyFreeSpeech.NET].
+
==== Class for 2014-02-10: jQuery ====
 +
We'll introduce jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier. jQuery is the most popular of many libraries that allow us to interact with the document easily, while also providing us with a few tools that are missing from the base language.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U45cUjt1abM Lecture video]'''<br>
+
To learn what jQuery can do, we'll add some scripting to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class10/assets.zip this sample web app].
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class19/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2012-08-20: Progressive enhancement ====
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XvNAepROnes Lecture video]'''<br>
We talked about progressive enhancement - a practice where websites are created in a layered way that makes them accessible and cross-browser friendly. We looked at [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class18/lecture.zip an example site] and demonstrated how it adheres to these principles. We've touched on these concepts throughout the whole class, but in this class we focused on why they're important, and what could happen if you DON'T adhere to them.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class10/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
As part of the class, we used a Chrome extension called ChromeVox, which is a free screen reader for the web. We also used virtual machines to run older versions of Internet Explorer on my Mac.
+
==== Class for 2014-02-03: JavaScript, cont'd ====
 +
We'll continue discussing JavaScript basics: arrays, objects, creating functions, and scopes.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vgpUQmDb69U Lecture video]'''
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qHcmLkhMkhA Lecture video]'''<br>
 +
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class9/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-08-13: CSS3 and CSS4 ====
+
==== Class for 2014-01-27: JavaScript ====
We've covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We went further into CSS3 and CSS4 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using them look good in less capable browsers.
+
We'll talk about JavaScript: making web pages interactive through client-side code. We'll use the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language. This and next week's class can be treated as a general introduction to programming.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oocNUFICq4M Lecture video]'''<br>
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNqTmmhEj8k Lecture video]'''<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class17/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class8/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-08-06: Mobile websites ====
+
==== Class for 2014-01-20: HTTP & SFTP ====
We worked on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class14/blog.zip this blog] and turn it into a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class16/lecture.zip mobile-accessible website]. We also talked about user agent strings, frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch, and the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website development.
+
We'll talk about file transfer: HTTP, which is the method of getting and sending information in the web browser, and SFTP, which is a method of securely uploading files to a web host.
  
==== Class for 2012-07-30: HTML5 elements ====
+
We'll set up free web hosting accounts at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net NearlyFreeSpeech.NET], and upload to them using [http://filezilla-project.org the FileZilla client].
We took a look through [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class13/html5_elements.zip this page containing every currently valid HTML element]. Many of them are considered "HTML5", but that's just because they're new.
+
  
==== Class for 2012-07-23: Other jQuery plugins ====
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8rpnf_BHxE Lecture video]'''<br>
Our final jQuery-focused class touched on a number of other common plugins that are found in the wild:
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class7/lecture.txt Lecture materials]'''
* [http://twitter.github.com/bootstrap/javascript.html#tooltips Tooltip/Popover (Bootstrap)] - mouse over elements to create tooltips
+
* [http://jqueryui.com/demos/datepicker/ Datepicker (jQuery UI)] - fancy datepickers appearing near your input fields
+
* [http://jqueryui.com/demos/accordion/ Accordion (jQuery UI)] - collapse and unfold lists of elements
+
* [http://digitalbush.com/projects/masked-input-plugin/ Masked input] - provide visual guidance for field entry
+
* [http://flesler.blogspot.com/2007/10/jqueryscrollto.html ScrollTo] - smoothly scroll to a location on the page
+
* [http://jquery.malsup.com/cycle/ Cycle] - make easy slideshows
+
* [http://harvesthq.github.com/chosen/ Chosen] - style dropdowns
+
We created [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class14/lecture.zip this page that uses all of the plugins].
+
  
==== Class for 2012-07-16: Sign-up forms ====
+
==== Class for 2014-01-13: Working from professional mockups, cont'd ====
We continued working on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class12/lecture.zip our site], and added a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We used the [http://bassistance.de/jquery-plugins/jquery-plugin-validation/ jQuery Validation plugin]. This is a very common request from clients and it comes in handy to know all the tips and tricks of forms and validation, and what new HTML5 elements can provide.
+
We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version] to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
  
==== Class for 2012-07-09: Modals and menus using Twitter Bootstrap ====
+
We didn't exactly finish, but I went ahead and put on the finishing touches. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/noiseco The final product can be found here] (but where we left off can be found in the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class6/lecture.zip lecture materials]).
We went back to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/answersheet.zip "professional" site we'd put together a number of weeks ago] and added more functionality to it with some JavaScript. We first made a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We did this by introducing [http://twitter.github.com/bootstrap/ Bootstrap, a suite of code developed by Twitter] to make common web development tasks easier. We also add some dropdown functionality to our menus using pure CSS, but this can be done using Bootstrap as well.
+
  
This class was not an exhaustive look at Bootstrap - there is a lot to cover. Look for a more comprehensive talk on Bootstrap later down the line.
+
'''No video for this class. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WMeTFrR1rtA Try last series's video.]'''<br>
 +
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class6/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-07-02: Guest speaker - HTML5 ====
+
==== Class for 2014-01-06: Working from professional mockups ====
John Freddy Vega of [http://www.cristalab.com/ Cristalab] and [http://mejorando.la/ Mejorando.la] delivered a presentation on the basics of HTML5, CSS3, and new JavaScript developments. It's a great talk for those starting out on new web technologies, or just wondering what the big difference is from HTML 4.01 and below.
+
We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version] to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
  
==== Class for 2012-06-25: AJAX ====
+
'''No video for this class. [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Y6MxRAPfLs Try last series's video.]'''<br>
We talked about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class11/lecture.zip added AJAX functionality] to our app we've been building on and uploaded a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class9/tweet.php.zip PHP file] to a web host to test it out.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class5/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-06-18: jQuery, cont'd ====
+
==== Class for 2013-12-09: CSS positioning ====
We built upon the existing [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/answer%20sheet.zip Noisetwitter] app, using jQuery functions to add the UI for retweeting, favoriting, and replying, and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class10/lecture.zip here was our result].
+
In the last few classes, we've focused on element measurements and floats. This time, we'll focus on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, and using absolute, relative, or fixed positioning to put the elements anywhere we want on the whole page.
  
==== Class for 2012-06-11: jQuery ====
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q453KMiCC2s Lecture video]'''<br>
We included jQuery into a file and took a look at some of the functions that are available to us, as well as attempting to explain how an object can call a function with itself as the scope (this). We used the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/answer%20sheet.zip Noisetwitter] client as an example of simple but powerful things you can do with jQuery.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class4/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-06-04: JavaScript ====
+
==== Class for 2013-12-02: CSS floats ====
We talked about JavaScript: making webpages interactive through client-side code. We used the console to demonstrate the basics of the language, and we [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class8/lecture.zip created a file and include it on an existing HTML page, downloadable here].
+
Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We'll learn about floats by taking a look at some examples, then take a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/mockup.png mockup] and create a site from it.
  
==== Class for 2012-05-21: File transfer ====
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class3/answersheet.zip The site's final code (not finished in class) is here.]
We talked about file transfer - not only uploading files using FTP, but using the web browser to get and send information via forms and other methods (an overall talk about HTTP GET/POST).
+
  
We downloaded and installed [http://filezilla-project.org FileZilla] and signed up for a [https://nearlyfreespeech.net NearlyFreeSpeech.NET] hosting account - some had to use my personal hosting due to timing reasons.
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fw_U7YZzbW0 Lecture video]'''<br>
 +
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class3/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-05-14: Working from mockups (CSS3 edition) ====
+
==== Class for 2013-11-18: CSS selectors and the box model ====
We worked on last week's site, talking about inline versus block, and applied CSS3 features such as shadows, rounded corners, gradients, and semi-transparency. We didn't have time to talk about CSS3 more in-depth, so we'll have another class on it in the future.
+
CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we'll look at them further in-depth. We'll also talk about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.
  
==== Class for 2012-05-07: Working from mockups ====
+
'''No video for this class. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqQph1vry7A Try last series's video.]'''<br>
We worked off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version]. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Assets were found here].
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class2/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
We took all of this and turned it into [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/lecture.zip this work-in-progress site]. We'll be completing it next week.
+
==== Class for 2013-11-11: the basics ====
 
+
<span style="color:green">'''THIS is the class to attend if you are a complete beginner!'''</span> We are starting the curriculum of this class from square one. We'll cover the very basics:
==== Class for 2012-04-30: CSS floats ====
+
* Explaining "front-end" vs. "back-end"
Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We learned about floats by taking a look at some [http://nytimes.com examples (inspect the page)]. We then took a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/mockup.png mockup] and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/answersheet.zip created a site] from it.
+
* Discussing tools of the trade
 
+
* Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
==== Class for 2012-04-23: CSS positioning ====
+
* Writing a basic HTML page
We focused on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, positioning them absolutely on the page, positioning them relatively, fixed and more. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class3/lecture.zip Lecture materials can be downloaded here.]
+
* Styling the page with basic CSS
 
+
* Explaining the role of front-end web development as a job and career
==== Class for 2012-04-16: CSS selectors and the box model ====
+
We expanded on last week's site to make [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class2/lecture.zip this site], which added complex selectors and margin rules.
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-04-09: the basics ====
+
We created [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class1/lecture.zip this simple site] to demonstrate HTML and CSS basics.
+
 
+
=== Series 1 ===
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-03-26 ====
+
Download the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class18/class18.zip site we walked through]. It's a responsive site with slight jQuery magic and a bunch of semantic HTML and CSS trickery. A good rollup of all the stuff we've learned in the class.
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-03-12 ====
+
Verbatim notes for my personal use:
+
 
+
What to do:
+
* Always start with HTML
+
* Add presentation and behavior next
+
* Assume nothing about your audience
+
* Be as semantic as possible
+
* Use [http://www.html5please.com www.html5please.com]
+
 
+
What not to do:
+
* Use inline style tags
+
* Implement security on the frontend
+
* Expect links to work only with JS - modals, AJAX, etc.
+
* Tell users to upgrade
+
* Start with a rich site and then work backward
+
 
+
Benefits:
+
* Starting with the basics makes cross-browser testing easier
+
* Makes your site more modular - can switch stylesheets or remove behavior on-the-fly
+
* Makes development in teams easier
+
 
+
Drawbacks:
+
* App- or game-like sites might be hard to support
+
* Supporting all browsers off-the-bat might slow down productivity
+
* Can't use cool new CSS3/HTML5 stuff in production yet
+
 
+
Schedule:
+
* Create a simple site with an HTML5 sectioning elements
+
* Add CSS
+
* Add JS
+
* Show site without CSS and JS added on
+
* Show site in IE6
+
* Install ChromeVox and read through site
+
* Explain browser "hacks"
+
* Explain JS feature testing (modernizr)
+
* Show what not to do
+
* Show [http://html5boilerplate.com/ HTML5 Boilerplate]
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-03-05 ====
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class15/examples.zip Download the CSS3 examples I created in-class.]
+
 
+
Other great resources:
+
* [http://simurai.com/tagged/lab Simurai's lab]
+
* [http://css3please.com/ CSS3 Please!]
+
* [http://caniuse.com/ When can I use...]
+
* [http://jeffreyatw.com/portfolio Jeffrey's portfolio - see Menorah and Draggy under HTML5 Toys]
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-02-27 ====
+
We worked on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class14/blog.zip this blog] and turned it into a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class14/answersheet.zip mobile-accessible website]. We also talked about user agent strings, frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch, and talked about the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website development.
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-02-20 ====
+
We took a look at a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class13/html5_elements.zip page containing every currently valid HTML element]. Many of them are considered "HTML5", but that's just because they're new.
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-02-13 ====
+
We added to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class11/answersheet.zip site from last class] and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class12/answersheet.zip added a sign-up form with validation to it].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-02-06 ====
+
We added to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/answersheet.zip site from last class] and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class11/answersheet.zip added modals/submenus to it].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-01-30 ====
+
We worked off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/mockup.png this mockup] and the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/mockup_annotations.png annotated version]. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/assets.zip Assets were found here].
+
 
+
We took all of this and turned it into [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/answersheet.zip this site].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-01-23 ====
+
I made accounts on my web hosting, but I suggested students get web hosting space at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net/ NearlyFreeSpeech.Net], which will set you up with a pay-as-you-go site. It's free until you start getting a significant amount of traffic.
+
 
+
Here is the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class8/jQuery.zip source for the previous class's Twitter client], and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class9/tweet.php.zip a PHP file to respond to AJAX requests].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-01-16 ====
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class8/jQuery.zip Highly-commented source for the slideshow and Twitter client we worked on.]
+
 
+
==== Class for 2011-12-19 ====
+
We modified [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/noisetwitter.zip this document] to become an interactive web application: [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/answer%20sheet.zip download the full web application here].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2011-12-12 ====
+
Consider downloading [http://filezilla-project.org/ FileZilla] for a head start.
+
  
Here's a simpler mockup we used for the 7:30 recap:
+
No recap session for this class. Please show up '''promptly''' at or before 8pm, as physical space is limited. Bring a laptop!
[[File:Frontend_Web_Mockup_2.png|thumb|none]]
+
  
==== Class for 2011-12-05 ====
+
P.S. This might be the last series I teach for a while. I might take a longer break after the end of the series (in about 6 months). We'll see. But if you've been meaning to attend, this is your chance!
We turned a mockup into HTML and CSS. This is the mockup we used:
+
[[File:Frontend_Web_Mockup_1.png|thumb|none]]
+
  
Please consider downloading the [http://www.gimp.org/ GNU Image Manipulation Tool (GIMP)], as we might be opening it up to work with this mockup. Photoshop or Fireworks will work swimmingly if you have them, though.
+
'''No video for this class. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmDCjhCuNtU Try last series's video.]'''<br>
 +
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class1/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/Frontend%20Mockup%20class%20December%202011.zip Here is the "answer sheet" for the above mockup.]
+
----
  
==== Class for 2011-11-22 ====
+
[[Frontend_Web_Development/Notes/Archive|Notes archive]]
Two articles worth reading for a thorough understanding of CSS positioning:
+
* http://www.alistapart.com/articles/css-positioning-101/
+
* http://www.alistapart.com/articles/css-floats-101/
+

Latest revision as of 20:32, 22 April 2014

Notes from previous Front-end Web Development classes.

Contents

[edit] Class for 2014-04-21: back-end web development

This class is all about the seedy underbelly of web development: the backend!

I know we already have a Rails class here at Noisebridge, but this one is tailored toward front-end developers wanting to get a taste of how things come together. We'll talk about PHP, then Express.js, then Rails.

During the recap period, we will set up your computers. But it's best to do this before arriving if possible. Here are the steps used for class preparation:


[edit] THE EASY WAY

If you would like to follow along, the easiest option is to run a virtual machine.

[edit] THE HARDER WAY

If you don't want to use a virtual machine.

On Linux, you'll need to follow these steps:

On OS X 10.9:

On Windows or OS X 10.8 and below:

[edit] THE HARDEST WAY

Install Node.JS, NPM, Apache, PHP, RVM, Ruby, and Rails individually. Good luck!

Lecture video

[edit] Class for 2014-04-14: version control (Git) and the command line

This class is a general overview on version control and the command line. I've taught how to use an FTP client to upload files to the web, but the truth is that most developers don't do that anymore - rather, they collaborate with their peers by using version control systems, which allows them to keep track of their work in a reliable fashion and push it to the web.

Again, this class isn't about web development per se - it's just an important introduction to using the command line to work with Git, one of the most popular version control systems. Everyone will create their own fork of a repository and check in their work.

There is no recap period for this class.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-04-07: The mobile web

We'll take this blog and turn it into a mobile-accessible website via the use of media queries. We'll also talk about the rest of the world of the mobile web: user agent strings (and why you shouldn't trust them), frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch (and why they're not perfect), and the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website and app development.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-03-31: CSS3

We've covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We'll look further into CSS3 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using CSS3 look good in less capable browsers.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-03-24: HTML5 elements

We'll take an entertaining (in my opinion) look through this page containing every currently valid HTML element. Many of them are considered "HTML5" elements, but that's just because they're relatively new.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-03-17: Sign-up forms

We'll continue working on our site and add a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We'll learn about built-in HTML5 validation, but also use the jQuery Validation plugin to help us where browser support is necessary.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-03-10: Modals and menus

We'll go back to the "professional" site we put together a number of weeks ago and add more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We'll first make a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We'll do this by introducing jQuery UI to make common user controls easier to create. We'll also compare our CSS-only menu with one made with the help of jQuery, explaining the differences between the two.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-03-03: AJAX

We'll talk about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We'll add AJAX functionality to our app we've been building on. We'll use this PHP file to test it out.

If you don't already have web hosting, please sign up for some at NearlyFreeSpeech.NET for free (or very cheap). Also, install the FileZilla Client.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-02-24: jQuery, cont'd

We'll continue learning about jQuery by focusing on the example we saw last class. We'll add functionality to it that made it seem more like the real thing.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-02-10: jQuery

We'll introduce jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier. jQuery is the most popular of many libraries that allow us to interact with the document easily, while also providing us with a few tools that are missing from the base language.

To learn what jQuery can do, we'll add some scripting to this sample web app.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-02-03: JavaScript, cont'd

We'll continue discussing JavaScript basics: arrays, objects, creating functions, and scopes.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-01-27: JavaScript

We'll talk about JavaScript: making web pages interactive through client-side code. We'll use the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language. This and next week's class can be treated as a general introduction to programming.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-01-20: HTTP & SFTP

We'll talk about file transfer: HTTP, which is the method of getting and sending information in the web browser, and SFTP, which is a method of securely uploading files to a web host.

We'll set up free web hosting accounts at NearlyFreeSpeech.NET, and upload to them using the FileZilla client.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-01-13: Working from professional mockups, cont'd

We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of this mockup and its annotated version to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). Image assets can be found here.

We didn't exactly finish, but I went ahead and put on the finishing touches. The final product can be found here (but where we left off can be found in the lecture materials).

No video for this class. Try last series's video.
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-01-06: Working from professional mockups

We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of this mockup and its annotated version to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). Image assets can be found here.

No video for this class. Try last series's video.
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2013-12-09: CSS positioning

In the last few classes, we've focused on element measurements and floats. This time, we'll focus on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, and using absolute, relative, or fixed positioning to put the elements anywhere we want on the whole page.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2013-12-02: CSS floats

Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We'll learn about floats by taking a look at some examples, then take a mockup and create a site from it.

The site's final code (not finished in class) is here.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2013-11-18: CSS selectors and the box model

CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we'll look at them further in-depth. We'll also talk about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.

No video for this class. Try last series's video.
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2013-11-11: the basics

THIS is the class to attend if you are a complete beginner! We are starting the curriculum of this class from square one. We'll cover the very basics:

  • Explaining "front-end" vs. "back-end"
  • Discussing tools of the trade
  • Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
  • Writing a basic HTML page
  • Styling the page with basic CSS
  • Explaining the role of front-end web development as a job and career

No recap session for this class. Please show up promptly at or before 8pm, as physical space is limited. Bring a laptop!

P.S. This might be the last series I teach for a while. I might take a longer break after the end of the series (in about 6 months). We'll see. But if you've been meaning to attend, this is your chance!

No video for this class. Try last series's video.
Lecture materials


Notes archive

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