Front-end Web Development/Notes

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Notes from previous [[Frontend Web Development]] classes.
+
Notes from previous [[Front-end Web Development]] classes.
  
==== Class for 2013-03-04: CSS3 ====
+
==== Class for 2015-06-22: directives, routing and AJAX with AngularJS ====
We've covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We went further into CSS3 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using them look good in less capable browsers.
+
We'll continue learning the basics of [https://angularjs.org/ AngularJS] by learning how to encapsulate behavior into reusable elements, load data from the back-end, and create a site that acts as if it has multiple pages while still being a single-page app.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XP1nxrI_3WU Lecture video]'''<br>
+
We'll be building off the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class21/lecture.zip work from last week.]
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class18/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2013-02-11: Mobile websites ====
+
This will be the last class in the series. Thanks for attending, and look forward to a new series in July!
We took [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class17/blog.zip this blog] and turned it into a mobile-accessible website via the use of media queries. We also talked about the rest of the world of the mobile web: user agent strings, frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch, and the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website and app development.
+
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OjEJrNgrJVw Lecture video]'''<br>
+
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNiwtyf3M14 Lecture video]<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class17/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class22/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
  
==== Class for 2013-02-11: HTML5 elements ====
+
==== Class for 2015-06-15: intro to AngularJS ====
We took an entertaining (in my opinion) look through [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class16/html.zip this page containing every currently valid HTML element]. Many of them are considered "HTML5", but that's just because they're new.
+
We'll learn about the basics of [https://angularjs.org/ AngularJS], a popular client-side MVC application framework. Frameworks such as these make it easier to manage data-rich views by keeping everything in sync with each other, and with data in the back-end. To understand how libraries like AngularJS differ from [http://jquery.com jQuery], we'll be taking our [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class10/lecture.zip NoiseTwitter] app and converting it from one that uses jQuery into one that uses AngularJS instead.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=or9Y1facTtc Lecture video]'''<br>
+
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7eNXStw0sGg Lecture video]<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class16/html.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class21/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
  
==== Class for 2013-02-04: More useful jQuery plugins ====
+
==== Class for 2015-06-08: Preprocessors ====
Our final jQuery-focused class touched on a number of other common plugins that are found in the wild. We took a closer look at Bootstrap and jQuery UI, and looked at plugins that make your page look super snazzy:
+
Front-end code can often get very repetitive and hard to maintain. We'll expand upon last week's talk about backend code generation by introducing preprocessors - languages which compile into HTML, CSS, or JS. We've taken a look at PHP and ERB, but we'll also walk through languages that look nothing like HTML (HAML), and languages that compile into CSS (Sass) and JS (CoffeeScript). These languages can make your life much easier as they help keep you from repeating yourself (DRY!). We'll also introduce Middleman, one of many workflow systems that makes using these languages easy.
* [http://jqueryui.com/demos/datepicker/ Datepicker (jQuery UI)] - fancy datepickers appearing near your input fields
+
* [http://jqueryui.com/demos/accordion/ Accordion (jQuery UI)] - collapse and unfold lists of elements
+
* [http://twitter.github.com/bootstrap/javascript.html#scrollspy Scrollspy (Bootstrap)] - change navs to highlight where you are scrolled on a page
+
* [http://jquery.malsup.com/cycle/ Cycle] - make easy slideshows
+
* [http://harvesthq.github.com/chosen/ Chosen] - style dropdowns
+
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=35CJx9lkGyE Lecture video]'''<br>
+
To prepare for this class, please install [https://rvm.io/ RVM] with the <code>--ruby=2.2</code> flag if you're using OS X or Linux:
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class15/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2013-01-28: Sign-up forms ====
+
<pre>\curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable --ruby=2.2</pre>
We continued working on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class13/lecture.zip our site] and added a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We used the [http://bassistance.de/jquery-plugins/jquery-plugin-validation/ jQuery Validation plugin]. This is a very common request from clients and it comes in handy to know all the tips and tricks of forms and validation, and what new HTML5 elements can provide.
+
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Tv6uPMmQNY Lecture video]'''<br>
+
...then close and reopen a terminal window...
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class14/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2013-01-14: Menus and modals ====
+
<pre>rvm use 2.2</pre>
We went back to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class13/noiseco.zip "professional" site we'd put together a number of weeks ago] and added more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We first made a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We did this by introducing [http://jqueryui.com/ jQuery UI] to make common web development tasks easier. We also add some dropdown functionality to our menus using pure CSS, but this can be done using jQuery UI or [http://twitter.github.com/bootstrap/ Bootstrap] as well.
+
  
'''No video for this class. :('''<br>
+
Or for Windows, use [http://rubyinstaller.org/ RubyInstaller].
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class13/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2013-01-07: AJAX ====
+
You can then install [http://middlemanapp.com/ Middleman]:
We talked about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We added AJAX functionality to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class10/lecture.zip our app we've been building on]. We used this [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class9/tweet.php.zip PHP file] to test it out.
+
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tS-uoDnslh8 Lecture video]'''<br>
+
<pre>gem install middleman</pre>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class12/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2012-12-17: File transfer ====
+
We'll be working on the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class12/lecture.zip NoiseCo site].
We talked about file transfer - not only uploading files using FTP, but using the web browser to get and send information via forms and other methods (an overall talk about HTTP GET/POST).
+
  
We downloaded and installed [http://filezilla-project.org FileZilla] and signed up for a [https://nearlyfreespeech.net NearlyFreeSpeech.NET] hosting account.
+
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nwQD2bDc1-0 Lecture video]<br>
 +
[https://github.com/jeffreyatw/noiseco Lecture materials]
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ohL0FRC9us8 Lecture video]'''<br>
+
==== Class for 2014-10-27: back-end web development ====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class11/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
This class is all about the seedy underbelly of web development: the backend!
  
==== Class for 2012-12-10: jQuery, cont'd ====
+
I know we already have a [http://www.railsschool.org/ Rails class here at Noisebridge], but this one is tailored toward front-end developers wanting to get a taste of how things come together. We'll talk about PHP, then Express.js, then Rails.
We continued learning about jQuery by focusing on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/answer%20sheet.zip the example we saw last week]. We're added functionality to it that made it seem more like the real thing.
+
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KMKdZ0IlD48 Lecture video]'''<br>
+
During the recap period, we will set up your computers. But it's best to do this before arriving if possible. Here are the steps used for class preparation:
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class10/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2012-12-03: jQuery ====
+
----
We introduced jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier.
+
  
'''No video for this class. :('''<br>
+
===== THE EASIEST WAY =====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class9/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
Come to the class in person and get the USB stick from Jeffrey. Then follow the below "easy" steps without downloading anything.
  
==== Class for 2012-11-26: JavaScript, cont'd ====
+
===== THE EASY WAY =====
We continued discussed JavaScript basics: arrays, iterators, loops, creating functions, and the debugger.
+
If you would like to follow along, the easiest option is to run a virtual machine.
 +
* Install [https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads VirtualBox AND the Extension Pack]
 +
* [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series5/class19/Ubuntu.ova Download this preconfigured Ubuntu virtual machine (1.88GB)]
 +
* Double-click the .ova file. You should check the "reinitialize the MAC address" step.
 +
* Start the machine after installation and you're all set!
 +
* System username and password are both "'''front-end'''". Feel free to change them if that's uncomfortable.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_4Z33l0lnY Lecture video]'''<br>
+
===== THE HARDER WAY =====
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class8/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
If you don't want to use a virtual machine.
  
==== Class for 2012-11-12: JavaScript ====
+
On Linux, you'll need to follow these steps:
We talked about JavaScript: making webpages interactive through client-side code. We used the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language.
+
* Run:
 +
** <code>sudo apt-get install nodejs</code>
 +
** <code>sudo apt-get install npm</code>
 +
* <code>wget --no-check-certificate https://raw.github.com/joshfng/railsready/master/railsready.sh && bash railsready.sh</code>
 +
** When installing, choose RVM.
 +
* For PHP, follow these instructions: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/ApacheMySQLPHP
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SP6_pd25-Ps Lecture video]'''<br>
+
On OS X 10.9+:
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class7/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
* Install Node.JS: http://nodejs.org/
 +
* To install Rails, run:
 +
** <code>curl -O https://raw.github.com/joshfng/railsready/master/railsready.sh && bash railsready.sh</code>
 +
*** When installing, choose RVM.
 +
* For PHP, install MAMP: http://www.mamp.info/en/index.html
  
==== Class for 2012-11-05: Working from professional mockups, cont'd ====
+
On Windows or OS X 10.8 and below:
We continued putting our professional-looking site together from [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class5/lecture.zip where we left off].
+
* http://nodejs.org/ - install Node.JS
 +
* Use RailsInstaller: http://railsinstaller.org/
 +
* And for PHP:
 +
** Mac: http://www.mamp.info/en/index.html
 +
** Windows: http://www.wampserver.com/en/
  
As a reminder, here is the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version]. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
+
===== THE HARDEST WAY =====
 +
Install Node.JS, NPM, Apache, PHP, RVM, Ruby, and Rails individually. Good luck!
  
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class11/index.html Here is the code that the mockup was based off of] - a good way to check your work. It might differ slightly from what we did in class.
+
----
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvC4ZLFpbtE Lecture video]'''<br>
+
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zyCpSpLrSRI Lecture video]
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class6/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2012-10-22: Working from professional mockups ====
+
==== Class for 2015-05-18: version control (Git) and the command line ====
We worked off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version] to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
+
This class is a general overview on version control and the command line. I've taught how to use an FTP client to upload files to the web, but the truth is that most developers don't do that anymore - rather, they collaborate with their peers by using version control systems, which allows them to keep track of their work in a reliable fashion and push it to the web.
  
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=to3-VjUPU64 Lecture video]'''<br>
+
Again, this class isn't about web development per se - it's just an important introduction to using the command line to work with Git, one of the most popular version control systems. Everyone will create their own fork of a repository and check in their work.
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class5/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
  
==== Class for 2012-10-15: CSS floats ====
+
During the half-hour before the class, we'll help people set up Git on their computers. On OS X, you'll need to download Xcode from the App Store, and on Windows you should install [http://msysgit.github.io/ Git for Windows]. Also, please sign up for a [https://github.com GitHub] account.
Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We learned about floats by taking a look at some examples, then took a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/mockup.png mockup] and created a site from it.
+
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJeN9P8x1VE Lecture video]'''<br>
+
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Xy8U4B7834 Lecture video]<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class4/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
[https://github.com/JeffreyATW/shakespeare7 Lecture materials]
  
==== Class for 2012-10-08: CSS positioning ====
+
==== Class for 2015-05-11: the mobile web ====
We focused on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, positioning them absolutely on the page, positioning them relatively, fixed and more.
+
We'll take [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series6/class17/blog.zip this blog] and turn it into a mobile-accessible website via the use of media queries. We'll also talk about the rest of the world of the mobile web: user agent strings (and why you shouldn't trust them), mobile frameworks (and why they're not perfect), and the use of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website and app development.
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nTL_YDz3zmo Lecture video]'''<br>
+
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_cGwDv1MSPU Lecture video]<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class3/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class17/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
  
==== Class for 2012-10-01: CSS selectors and the box model ====
+
==== Class for 2014-10-06: CSS3 ====
CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we looked at them further in-depth. We also talked about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.
+
We've covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We'll look further into CSS3 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using CSS3 look good in less capable browsers.
  
'''No video for this class. :('''<br>
+
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o2hGbVqTpXo Lecture video]<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class2/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class16/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
  
==== Class for 2012-09-24: the basics ====
+
==== Class for 2015-04-27: HTML5 elements ====
We covered the very basics:
+
We'll take an entertaining (in my opinion) look through [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class15/html.zip this page containing every currently valid HTML element]. Many of them are considered "HTML5" elements, but that's just because they're relatively new.
* Explaining "frontend" vs. "backend"
+
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hs7fXiMmxbo Lecture video]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-04-20: Ajax ====
 +
We'll talk about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this easy. We'll add Ajax functionality to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class10/lecture.zip the Twitter app] and, time permitting, the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class12/lecture.zip corporate site]. We'll use these [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series6/class14/php.zip PHP files] to test them out.
 +
 
 +
If you don't already have web hosting, please sign up for some at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net/ NearlyFreeSpeech.NET] for free (or very cheap). Also, install the [https://filezilla-project.org/ FileZilla Client].
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7uKphYn9eQI Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class14/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-04-13: HTTP & SFTP ====
 +
We'll talk about file transfer: HTTP, which is the method of getting and sending information in the web browser, and SFTP, which is a method of securely uploading files to a web host.
 +
 
 +
We'll set up free web hosting accounts at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net NearlyFreeSpeech.NET] (which you should sign up for now), and upload to them using [http://filezilla-project.org the FileZilla client] (which you should install now).
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ekgRrffUuLo Lecture video]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-04-06: Forms ====
 +
We'll continue working on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class11/lecture.zip our site] and add a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We'll learn about built-in HTML5 validation, but also use the [http://jqueryvalidation.org/ jQuery Validation plugin] to help us where browser support is necessary.
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pg7wmtJlK2M Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class12/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-03-30: Bootstrap ====
 +
We'll go back to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class6/lecture.zip "professional" site we put together a number of weeks ago] and add more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We'll first make a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We'll do this by introducing [http://getbootstrap.com/ Bootstrap] to make common user controls easier to create. We'll also compare our CSS-only menu with one made with the help of Bootstrap, explaining the differences between the two.
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ImtSy7Atv4g Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class11/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-03-23: jQuery, cont'd ====
 +
We'll continue learning about jQuery by focusing on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class9/lecture.zip the example we worked on last class]. We'll add functionality to it that will make it seem more like the real thing.
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vdwAizbinKw Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class10/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-03-16: jQuery ====
 +
We'll introduce jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier. jQuery is the most popular of many libraries that allow us to interact with the document easily, while also providing us with a few tools that are missing from the base language.
 +
 
 +
To learn what jQuery can do, we'll add some scripting to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series6/class9/assets.zip this sample web app].
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zm7zsESGeE0 Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class9/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-03-09: JavaScript, cont'd ====
 +
We'll continue discussing JavaScript basics: arrays, objects, creating functions, and scopes.
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2hYHCzIryyc Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class8/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-03-02: JavaScript ====
 +
We'll talk about JavaScript: making web pages interactive through client-side code. We'll use the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language. This and next week's class can be treated as a general introduction to programming.
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=18dlNI3C87s Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class7/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-02-23: Working from professional mockups, cont'd ====
 +
We will continue working off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup], its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version], and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip image assets] and learn a bit about CSS3 in the process.
 +
 
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class5/lecture.zip Here's where we left off last time.]
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tPljsmaygZc Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class6/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-02-09: Working from professional mockups ====
 +
We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version] to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
 +
 
 +
'''No video for this class. [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OralfEawmM4 Here's last series's video.]'''<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class5/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-02-02: CSS positioning ====
 +
In the last few classes, we've focused on element measurements and floats. This time, we'll focus on positioning of elements: using absolute, relative, or fixed positioning to put the elements anywhere we want on the whole page. We'll use [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series6/class4/mockup.png this mockup] along with [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series6/class4/assets.zip these assets] to put together a page that demonstrates positioning.
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s6pJlM6Hsjo Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class4/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-01-26: CSS floats ====
 +
Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We'll learn about floats by taking a look at some examples, then take a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/mockup.png mockup] and create a site from it.
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xpI-3yvswgY Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class3/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-01-12: CSS selectors and the box model ====
 +
CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we'll look at them further in-depth. We'll also talk about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.
 +
 
 +
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YzDENIp705U Lecture video]<br>
 +
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class2/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
 +
 
 +
==== Class for 2015-01-05: the basics ====
 +
<span style="color:green">'''THIS is the class to attend if you are a complete beginner!'''</span> We are starting the curriculum of this class from square one. We'll cover the very basics:
 +
* Explaining "front-end" vs. "back-end"
 
* Discussing tools of the trade
 
* Discussing tools of the trade
 
* Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
 
* Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
 
* Writing a basic HTML page
 
* Writing a basic HTML page
 
* Styling the page with basic CSS
 
* Styling the page with basic CSS
* Explaining the role of frontend web development as a job and career
+
* Explaining the role of front-end web development as a job and career
 +
 
 +
No recap session for this class. Please show up before 8pm, as physical space is limited. Bring a laptop!
  
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r87aEOpelzQ Lecture video]'''<br>
+
[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eydq4iapY98 Lecture video]<br>
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series3/class1/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series7/class1/lecture.zip Lecture materials]
  
 
----
 
----
  
 
[[Frontend_Web_Development/Notes/Archive|Notes archive]]
 
[[Frontend_Web_Development/Notes/Archive|Notes archive]]

Latest revision as of 21:51, 25 June 2015

Notes from previous Front-end Web Development classes.

Contents

[edit] Class for 2015-06-22: directives, routing and AJAX with AngularJS

We'll continue learning the basics of AngularJS by learning how to encapsulate behavior into reusable elements, load data from the back-end, and create a site that acts as if it has multiple pages while still being a single-page app.

We'll be building off the work from last week.

This will be the last class in the series. Thanks for attending, and look forward to a new series in July!

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-06-15: intro to AngularJS

We'll learn about the basics of AngularJS, a popular client-side MVC application framework. Frameworks such as these make it easier to manage data-rich views by keeping everything in sync with each other, and with data in the back-end. To understand how libraries like AngularJS differ from jQuery, we'll be taking our NoiseTwitter app and converting it from one that uses jQuery into one that uses AngularJS instead.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-06-08: Preprocessors

Front-end code can often get very repetitive and hard to maintain. We'll expand upon last week's talk about backend code generation by introducing preprocessors - languages which compile into HTML, CSS, or JS. We've taken a look at PHP and ERB, but we'll also walk through languages that look nothing like HTML (HAML), and languages that compile into CSS (Sass) and JS (CoffeeScript). These languages can make your life much easier as they help keep you from repeating yourself (DRY!). We'll also introduce Middleman, one of many workflow systems that makes using these languages easy.

To prepare for this class, please install RVM with the --ruby=2.2 flag if you're using OS X or Linux:

\curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable --ruby=2.2

...then close and reopen a terminal window...

rvm use 2.2

Or for Windows, use RubyInstaller.

You can then install Middleman:

gem install middleman

We'll be working on the NoiseCo site.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-10-27: back-end web development

This class is all about the seedy underbelly of web development: the backend!

I know we already have a Rails class here at Noisebridge, but this one is tailored toward front-end developers wanting to get a taste of how things come together. We'll talk about PHP, then Express.js, then Rails.

During the recap period, we will set up your computers. But it's best to do this before arriving if possible. Here are the steps used for class preparation:


[edit] THE EASIEST WAY

Come to the class in person and get the USB stick from Jeffrey. Then follow the below "easy" steps without downloading anything.

[edit] THE EASY WAY

If you would like to follow along, the easiest option is to run a virtual machine.

[edit] THE HARDER WAY

If you don't want to use a virtual machine.

On Linux, you'll need to follow these steps:

On OS X 10.9+:

On Windows or OS X 10.8 and below:

[edit] THE HARDEST WAY

Install Node.JS, NPM, Apache, PHP, RVM, Ruby, and Rails individually. Good luck!


Lecture video

[edit] Class for 2015-05-18: version control (Git) and the command line

This class is a general overview on version control and the command line. I've taught how to use an FTP client to upload files to the web, but the truth is that most developers don't do that anymore - rather, they collaborate with their peers by using version control systems, which allows them to keep track of their work in a reliable fashion and push it to the web.

Again, this class isn't about web development per se - it's just an important introduction to using the command line to work with Git, one of the most popular version control systems. Everyone will create their own fork of a repository and check in their work.

During the half-hour before the class, we'll help people set up Git on their computers. On OS X, you'll need to download Xcode from the App Store, and on Windows you should install Git for Windows. Also, please sign up for a GitHub account.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-05-11: the mobile web

We'll take this blog and turn it into a mobile-accessible website via the use of media queries. We'll also talk about the rest of the world of the mobile web: user agent strings (and why you shouldn't trust them), mobile frameworks (and why they're not perfect), and the use of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website and app development.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2014-10-06: CSS3

We've covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We'll look further into CSS3 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using CSS3 look good in less capable browsers.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-04-27: HTML5 elements

We'll take an entertaining (in my opinion) look through this page containing every currently valid HTML element. Many of them are considered "HTML5" elements, but that's just because they're relatively new.

Lecture video

[edit] Class for 2015-04-20: Ajax

We'll talk about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this easy. We'll add Ajax functionality to the Twitter app and, time permitting, the corporate site. We'll use these PHP files to test them out.

If you don't already have web hosting, please sign up for some at NearlyFreeSpeech.NET for free (or very cheap). Also, install the FileZilla Client.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-04-13: HTTP & SFTP

We'll talk about file transfer: HTTP, which is the method of getting and sending information in the web browser, and SFTP, which is a method of securely uploading files to a web host.

We'll set up free web hosting accounts at NearlyFreeSpeech.NET (which you should sign up for now), and upload to them using the FileZilla client (which you should install now).

Lecture video

[edit] Class for 2015-04-06: Forms

We'll continue working on our site and add a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We'll learn about built-in HTML5 validation, but also use the jQuery Validation plugin to help us where browser support is necessary.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-03-30: Bootstrap

We'll go back to the "professional" site we put together a number of weeks ago and add more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We'll first make a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We'll do this by introducing Bootstrap to make common user controls easier to create. We'll also compare our CSS-only menu with one made with the help of Bootstrap, explaining the differences between the two.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-03-23: jQuery, cont'd

We'll continue learning about jQuery by focusing on the example we worked on last class. We'll add functionality to it that will make it seem more like the real thing.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-03-16: jQuery

We'll introduce jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier. jQuery is the most popular of many libraries that allow us to interact with the document easily, while also providing us with a few tools that are missing from the base language.

To learn what jQuery can do, we'll add some scripting to this sample web app.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-03-09: JavaScript, cont'd

We'll continue discussing JavaScript basics: arrays, objects, creating functions, and scopes.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-03-02: JavaScript

We'll talk about JavaScript: making web pages interactive through client-side code. We'll use the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language. This and next week's class can be treated as a general introduction to programming.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-02-23: Working from professional mockups, cont'd

We will continue working off of this mockup, its annotated version, and its image assets and learn a bit about CSS3 in the process.

Here's where we left off last time.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-02-09: Working from professional mockups

We'll take the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and work off of this mockup and its annotated version to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). Image assets can be found here.

No video for this class. Here's last series's video.
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-02-02: CSS positioning

In the last few classes, we've focused on element measurements and floats. This time, we'll focus on positioning of elements: using absolute, relative, or fixed positioning to put the elements anywhere we want on the whole page. We'll use this mockup along with these assets to put together a page that demonstrates positioning.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-01-26: CSS floats

Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We'll learn about floats by taking a look at some examples, then take a mockup and create a site from it.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-01-12: CSS selectors and the box model

CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we'll look at them further in-depth. We'll also talk about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

[edit] Class for 2015-01-05: the basics

THIS is the class to attend if you are a complete beginner! We are starting the curriculum of this class from square one. We'll cover the very basics:

  • Explaining "front-end" vs. "back-end"
  • Discussing tools of the trade
  • Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
  • Writing a basic HTML page
  • Styling the page with basic CSS
  • Explaining the role of front-end web development as a job and career

No recap session for this class. Please show up before 8pm, as physical space is limited. Bring a laptop!

Lecture video
Lecture materials


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