Front-end Web Development/Notes

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Notes from previous [[Frontend Web Development]] classes.
 
Notes from previous [[Frontend Web Development]] classes.
  
=== Series 2 ===
+
==== Class for 2013-07-29: Modals and menus ====
==== Class for 2012-08-13: CSS3 and CSS4 ====
+
We went back to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/noiseco.zip "professional" site we'd put together a number of weeks ago] and added more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We first made a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We did this by introducing [http://jqueryui.com/ jQuery UI] to make common user controls easier to create. We also added some dropdown functionality to our menus using pure CSS, but explained that jQuery UI can help out with the subtle nuances of menus.
We've covered CSS3 before, but in the context of a mockup. We went further into CSS3 and CSS4 with a demonstration of what the new technologies are, how to make the most of them, and how to make sites using them look good in less capable browsers.
+
  
Couldn't make it? [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oocNUFICq4M The video for this lecture is available here!]
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ge2ZECyRRf8 Lecture video]'''<br>
 +
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class13/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-08-06: Mobile websites ====
+
==== Class for 2013-07-22: AJAX ====
We worked on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class14/blog.zip this blog] and turn it into a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class16/lecture.zip mobile-accessible website]. We also talked about user agent strings, frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch, and the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website development.
+
We talked about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We added AJAX functionality to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class11/lecture.zip our app we've been building on]. We used this [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class12/tweet.php.zip PHP file] to test it out.
  
==== Class for 2012-07-30: HTML5 elements ====
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hi1arhXXQsw Lecture video]'''<br>
We took a look through [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class13/html5_elements.zip this page containing every currently valid HTML element]. Many of them are considered "HTML5", but that's just because they're new.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class12/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-07-23: Other jQuery plugins ====
+
==== Class for 2013-07-15: jQuery, cont'd ====
Our final jQuery-focused class touched on a number of other common plugins that are found in the wild:
+
We continued learning about jQuery by focusing on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class10/lecture.zip the example we saw last week]. We added functionality to it that made it seem more like the real thing.
* [http://twitter.github.com/bootstrap/javascript.html#tooltips Tooltip/Popover (Bootstrap)] - mouse over elements to create tooltips
+
* [http://jqueryui.com/demos/datepicker/ Datepicker (jQuery UI)] - fancy datepickers appearing near your input fields
+
* [http://jqueryui.com/demos/accordion/ Accordion (jQuery UI)] - collapse and unfold lists of elements
+
* [http://digitalbush.com/projects/masked-input-plugin/ Masked input] - provide visual guidance for field entry
+
* [http://flesler.blogspot.com/2007/10/jqueryscrollto.html ScrollTo] - smoothly scroll to a location on the page
+
* [http://jquery.malsup.com/cycle/ Cycle] - make easy slideshows
+
* [http://harvesthq.github.com/chosen/ Chosen] - style dropdowns
+
We created [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class14/lecture.zip this page that uses all of the plugins].
+
  
==== Class for 2012-07-16: Sign-up forms ====
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6Bublxub3w Lecture video]'''<br>
We continued working on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class12/lecture.zip our site], and added a sign-up form, with validation, inside the modal. We used the [http://bassistance.de/jquery-plugins/jquery-plugin-validation/ jQuery Validation plugin]. This is a very common request from clients and it comes in handy to know all the tips and tricks of forms and validation, and what new HTML5 elements can provide.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class11/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-07-09: Modals and menus using Twitter Bootstrap ====
+
==== Class for 2013-07-08: jQuery ====
We went back to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/answersheet.zip "professional" site we'd put together a number of weeks ago] and added more functionality to it with some JavaScript. We first made a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We did this by introducing [http://twitter.github.com/bootstrap/ Bootstrap, a suite of code developed by Twitter] to make common web development tasks easier. We also add some dropdown functionality to our menus using pure CSS, but this can be done using Bootstrap as well.
+
We introduced jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier. jQuery is the most popular of many libraries that allow us to interact with the document easily, while also providing us with a few tools that are missing from the base language.
  
This class was not an exhaustive look at Bootstrap - there is a lot to cover. Look for a more comprehensive talk on Bootstrap later down the line.
+
To learn what jQuery can do, we added some scripting to [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class10/assets.zip this sample web app].
  
==== Class for 2012-07-02: Guest speaker - HTML5 ====
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IP3MgfcStxg Lecture video]'''<br>
John Freddy Vega of [http://www.cristalab.com/ Cristalab] and [http://mejorando.la/ Mejorando.la] delivered a presentation on the basics of HTML5, CSS3, and new JavaScript developments. It's a great talk for those starting out on new web technologies, or just wondering what the big difference is from HTML 4.01 and below.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class10/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-06-25: AJAX ====
+
==== Class for 2013-07-01: JavaScript, cont'd ====
We talked about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class11/lecture.zip added AJAX functionality] to our app we've been building on and uploaded a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class9/tweet.php.zip PHP file] to a web host to test it out.
+
We continued discussing JavaScript basics: arrays, objects, creating functions, and scopes.
  
==== Class for 2012-06-18: jQuery, cont'd ====
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-Q5DhW8jpA Lecture video]'''<br>
We built upon the existing [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/answer%20sheet.zip Noisetwitter] app, using jQuery functions to add the UI for retweeting, favoriting, and replying, and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class10/lecture.zip here was our result].
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class9/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-06-11: jQuery ====
+
==== Class for 2013-06-24: JavaScript ====
We included jQuery into a file and took a look at some of the functions that are available to us, as well as attempting to explain how an object can call a function with itself as the scope (this). We used the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/answer%20sheet.zip Noisetwitter] client as an example of simple but powerful things you can do with jQuery.
+
We talked about JavaScript: making web pages interactive through client-side code. We used the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language. This and next week's class can be treated as a general introduction to programming.
  
==== Class for 2012-06-04: JavaScript ====
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfd78FpYPuI Lecture video]'''<br>
We talked about JavaScript: making webpages interactive through client-side code. We used the console to demonstrate the basics of the language, and we [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class8/lecture.zip created a file and include it on an existing HTML page, downloadable here].
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class8/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-05-21: File transfer ====
+
==== Class for 2013-06-17: HTTP & SFTP ====
We talked about file transfer - not only uploading files using FTP, but using the web browser to get and send information via forms and other methods (an overall talk about HTTP GET/POST).
+
We talked about file transfer: HTTP, which is the method of getting and sending information in the web browser, and SFTP, which is a method of securely uploading files to a web host.
  
We downloaded and installed [http://filezilla-project.org FileZilla] and signed up for a [https://nearlyfreespeech.net NearlyFreeSpeech.NET] hosting account - some had to use my personal hosting due to timing reasons.
+
We set up free web hosting accounts at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net NearlyFreeSpeech.NET], and uploaded to them using [http://filezilla-project.org the FileZilla client].
  
==== Class for 2012-05-14: Working from mockups (CSS3 edition) ====
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfJxBeNzbvQ Lecture video]'''
We worked on last week's site, talking about inline versus block, and applied CSS3 features such as shadows, rounded corners, gradients, and semi-transparency. We didn't have time to talk about CSS3 more in-depth, so we'll have another class on it in the future.
+
  
==== Class for 2012-05-07: Working from mockups ====
+
==== Class for 2013-06-03: Working from professional mockups, cont'd ====
We worked off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version]. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Assets were found here].
+
We continued putting our professional-looking site together from [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class5/lecture.zip where we left off]. We focused on some fancy CSS3 techniques, and we saw how to make an interactive dropdown menu with no JavaScript.
  
We took all of this and turned it into [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/lecture.zip this work-in-progress site]. We'll be completing it next week.
+
We didn't exactly finish, but I went ahead and put on the finishing touches. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/noiseco The final product can be found here] (but where we left off can be found in the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/lecture.zip lecture materials]).
  
==== Class for 2012-04-30: CSS floats ====
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WMeTFrR1rtA Lecture video]'''<br>
Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We learned about floats by taking a look at some [http://nytimes.com examples (inspect the page)]. We then took a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/mockup.png mockup] and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/answersheet.zip created a site] from it.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class6/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-04-23: CSS positioning ====
+
==== Class for 2013-05-20: Working from professional mockups ====
We focused on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, positioning them absolutely on the page, positioning them relatively, fixed and more. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class3/lecture.zip Lecture materials can be downloaded here.]
+
We took the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and worked off of something given to us by a designer (me).
  
==== Class for 2012-04-16: CSS selectors and the box model ====
+
We worked off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup.png this mockup] and its [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/mockup_annotations.png annotated version] to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class5/assets.zip Image assets can be found here].
We expanded on last week's site to make [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class2/lecture.zip this site], which added complex selectors and margin rules.
+
  
==== Class for 2012-04-09: the basics ====
+
'''[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Y6MxRAPfLs Lecture video]'''<br>
We created [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class1/lecture.zip this simple site] to demonstrate HTML and CSS basics.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class5/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
=== Series 1 ===
+
==== Class for 2013-05-13: CSS positioning ====
 +
In the last few classes, we focused on element measurements and floats. This time, we focused on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, and using absolute, relative, or fixed positioning to put the elements anywhere we want on the whole page.
  
==== Class for 2012-03-26 ====
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IxROKEWIjB8 Lecture video]'''<br>
Download the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class18/class18.zip site we walked through]. It's a responsive site with slight jQuery magic and a bunch of semantic HTML and CSS trickery. A good rollup of all the stuff we've learned in the class.
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class4/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
  
==== Class for 2012-03-12 ====
+
==== Class for 2013-05-06: CSS floats ====
Verbatim notes for my personal use:
+
Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We learned about floats by taking a look at some examples, then took a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series2/class4/mockup.png mockup] and created a site from it.
  
What to do:
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5j6oA4sS99U Lecture video]'''<br>
* Always start with HTML
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class3/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
* Add presentation and behavior next
+
* Assume nothing about your audience
+
* Be as semantic as possible
+
* Use [http://www.html5please.com www.html5please.com]
+
  
What not to do:
+
==== Class for 2013-04-22: CSS selectors and the box model ====
* Use inline style tags
+
CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we looked at them further in-depth. We also talked about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.
* Implement security on the frontend
+
* Expect links to work only with JS - modals, AJAX, etc.
+
* Tell users to upgrade
+
* Start with a rich site and then work backward
+
  
Benefits:
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqQph1vry7A Lecture video]'''<br>
* Starting with the basics makes cross-browser testing easier
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class2/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
* Makes your site more modular - can switch stylesheets or remove behavior on-the-fly
+
* Makes development in teams easier
+
  
Drawbacks:
+
==== Class for 2013-04-15: the basics ====
* App- or game-like sites might be hard to support
+
We covered the very basics:
* Supporting all browsers off-the-bat might slow down productivity
+
* Explaining "frontend" vs. "backend"
* Can't use cool new CSS3/HTML5 stuff in production yet
+
* Discussing tools of the trade
 +
* Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
 +
* Writing a basic HTML page
 +
* Styling the page with basic CSS
 +
* Explaining the role of frontend web development as a job and career
  
Schedule:
+
'''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmDCjhCuNtU Lecture video]'''<br>
* Create a simple site with an HTML5 sectioning elements
+
'''[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/series4/class1/lecture.zip Lecture materials]'''
* Add CSS
+
* Add JS
+
* Show site without CSS and JS added on
+
* Show site in IE6
+
* Install ChromeVox and read through site
+
* Explain browser "hacks"
+
* Explain JS feature testing (modernizr)
+
* Show what not to do
+
* Show [http://html5boilerplate.com/ HTML5 Boilerplate]
+
  
==== Class for 2012-03-05 ====
+
----
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class15/examples.zip Download the CSS3 examples I created in-class.]
+
  
Other great resources:
+
[[Frontend_Web_Development/Notes/Archive|Notes archive]]
* [http://simurai.com/tagged/lab Simurai's lab]
+
* [http://css3please.com/ CSS3 Please!]
+
* [http://caniuse.com/ When can I use...]
+
* [http://jeffreyatw.com/portfolio Jeffrey's portfolio - see Menorah and Draggy under HTML5 Toys]
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-02-27 ====
+
We worked on [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class14/blog.zip this blog] and turned it into a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class14/answersheet.zip mobile-accessible website]. We also talked about user agent strings, frameworks like jQuery Mobile and Sencha Touch, and talked about the future of HTML5/CSS3 in mobile website development.
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-02-20 ====
+
We took a look at a [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class13/html5_elements.zip page containing every currently valid HTML element]. Many of them are considered "HTML5", but that's just because they're new.
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-02-13 ====
+
We added to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class11/answersheet.zip site from last class] and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class12/answersheet.zip added a sign-up form with validation to it].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-02-06 ====
+
We added to the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/answersheet.zip site from last class] and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class11/answersheet.zip added modals/submenus to it].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-01-30 ====
+
We worked off of [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/mockup.png this mockup] and the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/mockup_annotations.png annotated version]. [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/assets.zip Assets were found here].
+
 
+
We took all of this and turned it into [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class10/answersheet.zip this site].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-01-23 ====
+
I made accounts on my web hosting, but I suggested students get web hosting space at [https://www.nearlyfreespeech.net/ NearlyFreeSpeech.Net], which will set you up with a pay-as-you-go site. It's free until you start getting a significant amount of traffic.
+
 
+
Here is the [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class8/jQuery.zip source for the previous class's Twitter client], and [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class9/tweet.php.zip a PHP file to respond to AJAX requests].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2012-01-16 ====
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class8/jQuery.zip Highly-commented source for the slideshow and Twitter client we worked on.]
+
 
+
==== Class for 2011-12-19 ====
+
We modified [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/noisetwitter.zip this document] to become an interactive web application: [http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/class5/answer%20sheet.zip download the full web application here].
+
 
+
==== Class for 2011-12-12 ====
+
Consider downloading [http://filezilla-project.org/ FileZilla] for a head start.
+
 
+
Here's a simpler mockup we used for the 7:30 recap:
+
[[File:Frontend_Web_Mockup_2.png|thumb|none]]
+
 
+
==== Class for 2011-12-05 ====
+
We turned a mockup into HTML and CSS. This is the mockup we used:
+
[[File:Frontend_Web_Mockup_1.png|thumb|none]]
+
 
+
Please consider downloading the [http://www.gimp.org/ GNU Image Manipulation Tool (GIMP)], as we might be opening it up to work with this mockup. Photoshop or Fireworks will work swimmingly if you have them, though.
+
 
+
[http://jeffreyatw.com/static/frontend/Frontend%20Mockup%20class%20December%202011.zip Here is the "answer sheet" for the above mockup.]
+
 
+
==== Class for 2011-11-22 ====
+
Two articles worth reading for a thorough understanding of CSS positioning:
+
* http://www.alistapart.com/articles/css-positioning-101/
+
* http://www.alistapart.com/articles/css-floats-101/
+

Revision as of 17:20, 31 July 2013

Notes from previous Frontend Web Development classes.

Contents

Class for 2013-07-29: Modals and menus

We went back to the "professional" site we'd put together a number of weeks ago and added more functionality to it with some jQuery plugins. We first made a dialog box - or a "modal" - pop up when you click the sign up buttons. We did this by introducing jQuery UI to make common user controls easier to create. We also added some dropdown functionality to our menus using pure CSS, but explained that jQuery UI can help out with the subtle nuances of menus.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-07-22: AJAX

We talked about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a technology that allows us to talk to a server without leaving the page. jQuery makes this extremely easy. We added AJAX functionality to our app we've been building on. We used this PHP file to test it out.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-07-15: jQuery, cont'd

We continued learning about jQuery by focusing on the example we saw last week. We added functionality to it that made it seem more like the real thing.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-07-08: jQuery

We introduced jQuery, a JavaScript library that makes web programming a whole lot easier. jQuery is the most popular of many libraries that allow us to interact with the document easily, while also providing us with a few tools that are missing from the base language.

To learn what jQuery can do, we added some scripting to this sample web app.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-07-01: JavaScript, cont'd

We continued discussing JavaScript basics: arrays, objects, creating functions, and scopes.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-06-24: JavaScript

We talked about JavaScript: making web pages interactive through client-side code. We used the console, which is part of the browser's developer tools, to demonstrate the basics of the language. This and next week's class can be treated as a general introduction to programming.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-06-17: HTTP & SFTP

We talked about file transfer: HTTP, which is the method of getting and sending information in the web browser, and SFTP, which is a method of securely uploading files to a web host.

We set up free web hosting accounts at NearlyFreeSpeech.NET, and uploaded to them using the FileZilla client.

Lecture video

Class for 2013-06-03: Working from professional mockups, cont'd

We continued putting our professional-looking site together from where we left off. We focused on some fancy CSS3 techniques, and we saw how to make an interactive dropdown menu with no JavaScript.

We didn't exactly finish, but I went ahead and put on the finishing touches. The final product can be found here (but where we left off can be found in the lecture materials).

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-05-20: Working from professional mockups

We took the knowledge we gained from looking at the CSS box model, floats, and positioning, and worked off of something given to us by a designer (me).

We worked off of this mockup and its annotated version to make a site that could pass as a professional design (but don't take my word for it). Image assets can be found here.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-05-13: CSS positioning

In the last few classes, we focused on element measurements and floats. This time, we focused on positioning of elements: spacing them out from other elements using margins, and using absolute, relative, or fixed positioning to put the elements anywhere we want on the whole page.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-05-06: CSS floats

Floating is the secret sauce behind creating websites with multiple columns, navigation menus, and basically any block element that's aligned to the left or right. We learned about floats by taking a look at some examples, then took a mockup and created a site from it.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-04-22: CSS selectors and the box model

CSS selectors are probably the most complex part of the CSS language, so we looked at them further in-depth. We also talked about the box model, the display concept that makes words and containers on the web look like they do.

Lecture video
Lecture materials

Class for 2013-04-15: the basics

We covered the very basics:

  • Explaining "frontend" vs. "backend"
  • Discussing tools of the trade
  • Explaining the separation between structure, presentation, and behavior
  • Writing a basic HTML page
  • Styling the page with basic CSS
  • Explaining the role of frontend web development as a job and career

Lecture video
Lecture materials


Notes archive

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