Difference between revisions of "Hambridge"

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(Starter Project Ideas)
(Bay Area Mesh & SudoMesh)
 
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{{guilds}}
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{{radio}}
  
<font size=6>Hambridge works on radio hacking projects at Noisebridge to facilitate network connections that are resilient to Internet failure.</font>
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{{headerbox}}<font size=5>Hambridge does radio hacking at Noisebridge to build networks that are free and resilient.</font>
  
==People==
+
*'''MAINTAINERS:''' [[User:Lxpk|LXPK]], [[User:X|X]], [[User:pyconaut|pyconaut]]
* MAINTAINERS: X, lxpk, pyconaut
+
*'''RESOURCES:''' LoRa kits, [[Amateur_Radio]] equipment (Being inventoried)
 +
*'''EVENTS:''' None yet but we should start something to communicate with SudoMesh in Oakland regularly.
 +
*'''PROJECTS:'''
 +
**[https://www.sfwem.net SFWEM bay area mesh radio connection] to [https://sudoroom.org/wiki/DisasterRadio disaster.radio] and SudoMesh at Sudoroom in Oakland.
 +
**[[Packet Radio BBS]]
 +
{{boxend}}
 +
{{recruiting}}
  
==Resources==
+
''See also: Did you mean [[Amateur Radio]] or the historical [[Noisebridge Radio]] project?''
* https://www.noisebridge.net/wiki/Amateur_Radio
 
  
==Packet Radio==
+
=Packet Radio=
 
Packet radio is a way of sending digital network traffic over analog radios.
 
Packet radio is a way of sending digital network traffic over analog radios.
  
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* [https://ham.stackexchange.com/questions/6545/is-packet-radio-possible-on-baofeng-uv-5r-and-similar-hts Data APRS with Baofeng UV-5R]
 
* [https://ham.stackexchange.com/questions/6545/is-packet-radio-possible-on-baofeng-uv-5r-and-similar-hts Data APRS with Baofeng UV-5R]
  
==Starter Project Ideas==
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== LoRa ==
 +
[[File:Image_2021-12-06_222620.png|right|300px]]
 +
The LoRa Meshtastic T-BEAM device are small battery powered devices that will mesh with other T-BEAM and  send messages and other data from your phones, tablets and computers.
 +
* Meshtastic is a firmware for the T-BEAM.
 +
* T-BEAM can connect via wifi and Bluetooth to phones and computers nearby, briding them to another T-BEAM and its attached devices far away.
 +
* LoRa (Long Range) packet radio gear can be purchased for $30.
 +
* LoRa does NOT require a HAM amateur radio license.
 +
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DumgHz56IjI LORA demo video]
 +
* [https://youtu.be/OwTy_-Y-A5o T-BEAM LoRa Meshtastic range test video]
 +
* T-BEAMs can have batteries that last for about 3 days or pair them with solar panels in a waterproof box for sustainable outdoor routing.
 +
 
 +
The T-BEAM can be found here: https://s.click.aliexpress.com/e/_9RmIP9
 +
See the Mestastic site for details on setup: https://meshtastic.org/
 +
 
 +
== APRSDroid ==
 +
[[File:Aprsdroid.png|300px|right]]
 +
[https://aprsdroid.org APRSdroid] is an Android application for Amateur Radio operators. It allows reporting your position to the APRS (Automatic Packet Reporting System) network, displaying of nearby amateur radio stations and the exchange of APRS messages.
 +
APRSdroid is Open Source Software written in Scala and licensed under the GPLv2.
 +
You can use APRSdroid to connect to the APRS network via different means:
 +
 
 +
*APRS-IS via Internet (WiFi or mobile data connection)
 +
*AFSK (audio connection between your radio and the smartphone)
 +
*Bluetooth-serial connection to a TNC
 +
*Once connected, you can beacon your presence, see which stations (amateurs and repeaters) are around and send/receive APRS messages.
 +
 
 +
== [https://www.sfwem.net SFWEM Bay Area Mesh] & SudoMesh ==
 +
* Bay Area Mesh has [https://www.arednmesh.org/content/sfwem-receives-grant-ardc-expand-mesh-bay-area received a 100K grant to expand in 2020]
 +
[https://sudoroom.org/wiki/Mesh SudoMesh] is a project at SudoRoom hackerspace in Oakland to build a resilient open mesh network.
 +
* Hambridge could set up links with SudoMesh to build a cross-bay comms relay.
 +
 
 +
== Resilient Mesh Infrastructure ==
 +
To make resilient mesh networks that work when power, Internet and telephone networks fail, you need to incorporate some resiliency equipment to keep powering your equipment.
 +
* UPS power supplies can keep equipment running smoothly for a while during brief power outages.
 +
* Solar panels can keep UPS batteries charged up during the day.
 +
* Longer lasting deep cycle car batteries or other battery packs can potentially run through the night to keep equipment working while solar isn't providing juice.
 +
* Allow for enough power to run whatever you'd want to communicate with such as computers, monitors, and phone chargers.
 +
 
 +
== Relays ==
 +
To set up lower-powered radios to communicate over longer distances, relays are used to bridge signals from the low-powered radios through larger radios that serve the radios connected to them.
 +
* A basic relay bridges by pairing two low-cost radios to double the effective range.
 +
* A repeater cable to bridge Baofeng radios together is about $30.
 +
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_KrH86Dzhnc Baofeng repeater demo video]
 +
=Starter Project Ideas=
 +
 
 +
=== Bridge 2 Wifi networks via LoRa ===
 +
* Purchase 2 LoRa T-BEAMS ($30 each)
 +
* Connect the two WiFi networks to the T-BEAMs via WiFi
 +
* Range test how far apart the networks can get by taking one of them with you in a vehicle.
 +
* Mesh several T-BEAM devices together to bridge reliable networking to areas that can't get reliable cellular reception or which can suffer outages during emergencies.
  
 
=== Set up radios for emergency and data comms ===
 
=== Set up radios for emergency and data comms ===
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* Program the channels using the USB cable so you have emergency channels ready
 
* Program the channels using the USB cable so you have emergency channels ready
 
* Write a waterproofed instruction card for how to use it and which channels to use to attach to it.
 
* Write a waterproofed instruction card for how to use it and which channels to use to attach to it.
* Get APRS data working with it
+
* Get APRS data working with it using APRSdroid.
 
* Set your neighbors up to know how to do it and exchange APRS data with you in emergencies
 
* Set your neighbors up to know how to do it and exchange APRS data with you in emergencies
 +
 +
=== Baofeng UV-R APRS Setup ===
 +
Hooking a cheap radio up to APRS data is achievable with APRSdroid.
 +
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JM7GYlHmSgc APRS with Baofeng HAM Radio and APRSDriod - TheSmokinApe]
  
 
=== Testing ===
 
=== Testing ===
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* Do practice HAM amateur radio tests
 
* Do practice HAM amateur radio tests
 
* Take and pass the HAM amateur radio test!
 
* Take and pass the HAM amateur radio test!
 +
 +
*[https://www.arrl.org ARRL ] has free information on their website, online training (for a fee), as well as an online store where books and other training materials can be purchased.
 +
*[https://www.w5yi.org/catalog.php?sort=4W5YI W5YI.org] has a large selection of books and other training materials, featuring Gordon West WB6NOA.
 +
*[https://www.arrl.org/arrlvec/pools.html question pools]  on the ARRL website.
 +
*[https://www.qrz.com/ qrz]
 +
*[https://www.aa9pw.com/radio/ aa9pw]
 +
*[https://www.hamtestonline.com/ hamtestonline]
 +
 +
=== Learning Resources ===
 +
* [https://www.youtube.com/channel/UChAu6Cof9KlfFxSbL9ytosQ HAM Radio Crash Course Youtube]

Latest revision as of 18:53, 18 March 2022

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Hambridge does radio hacking at Noisebridge to build networks that are free and resilient.
RECRUITING! Maintainer volunteers wanted, consider volunteering to become a maintainer. Edit

See also: Did you mean Amateur Radio or the historical Noisebridge Radio project?

Packet Radio[edit]

Packet radio is a way of sending digital network traffic over analog radios.

LoRa[edit]

Image 2021-12-06 222620.png

The LoRa Meshtastic T-BEAM device are small battery powered devices that will mesh with other T-BEAM and send messages and other data from your phones, tablets and computers.

  • Meshtastic is a firmware for the T-BEAM.
  • T-BEAM can connect via wifi and Bluetooth to phones and computers nearby, briding them to another T-BEAM and its attached devices far away.
  • LoRa (Long Range) packet radio gear can be purchased for $30.
  • LoRa does NOT require a HAM amateur radio license.
  • LORA demo video
  • T-BEAM LoRa Meshtastic range test video
  • T-BEAMs can have batteries that last for about 3 days or pair them with solar panels in a waterproof box for sustainable outdoor routing.

The T-BEAM can be found here: https://s.click.aliexpress.com/e/_9RmIP9 See the Mestastic site for details on setup: https://meshtastic.org/

APRSDroid[edit]

Aprsdroid.png

APRSdroid is an Android application for Amateur Radio operators. It allows reporting your position to the APRS (Automatic Packet Reporting System) network, displaying of nearby amateur radio stations and the exchange of APRS messages. APRSdroid is Open Source Software written in Scala and licensed under the GPLv2. You can use APRSdroid to connect to the APRS network via different means:

  • APRS-IS via Internet (WiFi or mobile data connection)
  • AFSK (audio connection between your radio and the smartphone)
  • Bluetooth-serial connection to a TNC
  • Once connected, you can beacon your presence, see which stations (amateurs and repeaters) are around and send/receive APRS messages.

SFWEM Bay Area Mesh & SudoMesh[edit]

SudoMesh is a project at SudoRoom hackerspace in Oakland to build a resilient open mesh network.

  • Hambridge could set up links with SudoMesh to build a cross-bay comms relay.

Resilient Mesh Infrastructure[edit]

To make resilient mesh networks that work when power, Internet and telephone networks fail, you need to incorporate some resiliency equipment to keep powering your equipment.

  • UPS power supplies can keep equipment running smoothly for a while during brief power outages.
  • Solar panels can keep UPS batteries charged up during the day.
  • Longer lasting deep cycle car batteries or other battery packs can potentially run through the night to keep equipment working while solar isn't providing juice.
  • Allow for enough power to run whatever you'd want to communicate with such as computers, monitors, and phone chargers.

Relays[edit]

To set up lower-powered radios to communicate over longer distances, relays are used to bridge signals from the low-powered radios through larger radios that serve the radios connected to them.

  • A basic relay bridges by pairing two low-cost radios to double the effective range.
  • A repeater cable to bridge Baofeng radios together is about $30.
  • Baofeng repeater demo video

Starter Project Ideas[edit]

Bridge 2 Wifi networks via LoRa[edit]

  • Purchase 2 LoRa T-BEAMS ($30 each)
  • Connect the two WiFi networks to the T-BEAMs via WiFi
  • Range test how far apart the networks can get by taking one of them with you in a vehicle.
  • Mesh several T-BEAM devices together to bridge reliable networking to areas that can't get reliable cellular reception or which can suffer outages during emergencies.

Set up radios for emergency and data comms[edit]

  • Get 2 Baofeng UV-5Rs
  • Program the channels using the USB cable so you have emergency channels ready
  • Write a waterproofed instruction card for how to use it and which channels to use to attach to it.
  • Get APRS data working with it using APRSdroid.
  • Set your neighbors up to know how to do it and exchange APRS data with you in emergencies

Baofeng UV-R APRS Setup[edit]

Hooking a cheap radio up to APRS data is achievable with APRSdroid.

Testing[edit]

There is a HAM amateur radio license test you should study for and pass to use radio channels responsibly and legally.

  • Study the HAM amateur radio test materials
  • Do practice HAM amateur radio tests
  • Take and pass the HAM amateur radio test!
  • ARRL has free information on their website, online training (for a fee), as well as an online store where books and other training materials can be purchased.
  • W5YI.org has a large selection of books and other training materials, featuring Gordon West WB6NOA.
  • question pools on the ARRL website.
  • qrz
  • aa9pw
  • hamtestonline

Learning Resources[edit]