Difference between revisions of "Laser Manual"

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Noisebridge has a laser cutter! This page has guidelines for using it.
 
 
See '''[[Laser_Manual/Workflows]]''' for software and usage details.
 
 
  
 
== Contact list ==
 
== Contact list ==
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== Basic Safety ==
 
== Basic Safety ==
The laser cutter is generally a very safe machine to use.  However, as with all industrial machines, you need to treat it with respect.  The main safety concerns are creating fires, hurting your eyes or skin, getting crushed by the machine, and creating toxic fumes.
 
 
The basics:
 
* ALWAYS MONITOR THE LASER BEAM CUTTING YOUR WORK!
 
* DO NOT STARE DIRECTLY BECAUSE BURN-GENERATED VISIBLE LIGHT IS VERY BRIGHT!
 
* USE YOUR PERIPHERAL VISION!
 
* OPEN THE LID if you see a fire
 
* BLOW IT OUT if the fire keeps burning
 
* DON'T CUT UNAPPROVED MATERIALS!
 
* MAKE SURE THE WINDOWS BY THE BATHROOM ARE CLOSED SO YOU DON'T FUMIGATE NOISEBRIDGE
 
 
=== Fire ===
 
 
[[Image:Laser_water_estop.jpg|thumb|right|upright=3|alt=Laser cutter with water and estop| The water squirt bottle is sitting on top of the laser, and the estop is the round red button.]]
 
 
You can really hurt yourself or burn the building down with this machine. If you follow the safety rules, the chances of you causing this is close to zero. Some materials are very flammable on the laser cutter, and shouldn't be cut.  Never cut an unapproved material, or a material you can't identify.  A laser beam can also initiate a fire if the speed of the cut is too slow or the laser power is set too high.
 
 
 
 
Ways to not cause fires:
 
* ALWAYS MONITOR THE LASER CUTTER WHENEVER IT IS CUTTING AS FIRES CAN HAPPEN.  The laser affects your material by heating it. Your job can change in seconds with the accumulation of heat in your material. Never leave the room while the laser is in operation.  If you leave the laser unattended, your access to the laser cutter will be permanently revoked.
 
* Use reasonable speed/power settings.  Start with the recommended speed/power settings for your material. Be patient - resist the temptation to crank the power and speed to rush through your job.  This can cause fires.
 
** There will be some light when material is cut. This light at the point of lasing may be ok as long as it stays with the motion of the laser. If a flame appears while the laser is in operation, stop your job and try again with lower heat settings.
 
* Know where the fire extinguisher is in case of a fire.  The ONLY fire extinguisher that should be used on the laser cutter is the halotron extinguisher right next to the laser cutter.  Other fire extinguishers are corrosive and will ruin the machine.
 
  
How to put out a fire:
+
See '''[[Laser_Manual/Basic_Safety]]''' for safety guidelines!
* Push the estop.  (To turn the machine back on after the estop was hit, you need to switch the power switch on the right hand side of the machine off and on again).
 
* Open the lid.
 
* If it's small, try and blow it out.
 
* If it's smallish, try and squirt it out with the water squirt bottle sitting on the right hand side of the machine.
 
* If that doesn't work, use the halotron fire extinguisher to the right of the laser cutter.  Aim it at the base of the flame.
 
  
=== Damage to eyes and skin ===
 
The laser beam can instantly and permanently blind you.  It can also burn your skin.
 
* The lid's window will block the infrared laser beam, but it doesn't block the visible light produced by the burn.  THE VISIBLE LIGHT CAN BE BRIGHT ENOUGH TO DAMAGE YOUR RETINA!  DO NOT STARE DIRECTLY AT THE CUT!  Use your peripheral vision.
 
* You don't ever want any part of your body in contact with the beam.
 
* As long as the door is closed, you're safe to look at the laser. There are interlocks on the door that help ensure the laser never operates with the doors open.  Don't disable them.
 
 
=== Crushing danger ===
 
 
The laser cutter is a dumb machine.  It doesn't care whether your hand is in the way when it's moving.  The head can move when the door is open.  Always make sure everyone's hands are out of the machine before moving the head.
 
 
 
Also be very careful not to crash the head into other parts of the machine.  Be very careful when moving the z-axis to not crash the head into the bed, and to not move the z-axis if the focus length acrylic circle is under the lens.
 
 
 
If you need something to weigh down your material, use the magnetic balls or beanbags that are kept near the laser; nothing else. Do not let the laser head crash into these; if it does immediately stop the job.
 
 
 
Be *very* careful to not put the beanbags (or any other material) in such a situation where they may be dragged by the head. The head should never bump into anything, and *especially* never drag anything.
 
 
=== Fumes ===
 
The laser cutter burns the things it's cutting, which can create toxic fumes.
 
* ONLY CUT APPROVED MATERIALS.  Cutting nonapproved materials can release really toxic gases, including chlorine and cyanide.  These are really bad for humans, as well as being very damaging to the laser cutter.
 
* The ventilation fan should always be running if the laser cutter is on, even if it's not cutting.  It's currently wired such that you can't turn on the laser cutter without the fan turning on, but please make sure it's running.
 
  
 
== Care of the machine ==
 
== Care of the machine ==
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== Workflow and software ==
 
== Workflow and software ==
 
  
 
See '''[[Laser_Manual/Workflows]]''' for software and usage details.
 
See '''[[Laser_Manual/Workflows]]''' for software and usage details.

Revision as of 04:44, 7 December 2019

Contact list

Trainers

  • Dany Q (@danyq on slack)
  • R (@r on slack)
  • David (@broccoli on slack)
  • Lady Red (@mcscope on slack)
  • Andy lemons (@signal on slack)
  • Kyle (@kylesewing on slack)
  • Trent (@robbintt on slack)
  • Manish (@manishearth on slack and everywhere)

Who can use the laser cutter

Only people who have been trained by an official trainer can use the laser cutter, in order to prevent unintended damage to the machine, operator, and Noisebridge.

Full list: Laser_Manual/Who_can_use_the_laser_cutter

How to get trained to use the laser cutter

Route 1: DIY

  1. Read through the tutorial (currently unavailable)
  2. Ask a trainer if they will verify the content you learned in the tutorial
  3. Get your name on the list of users before the first time you use the machine

Route 2: Laser Safety Class!

  1. Laser safety training classes are posted on our Meetup. Size is limited to 5 students, so that everyone can see how to operate the laser.
  2. Get trained
  3. Get your name on the list of users before the first time you use the machine

The laser training class is pay-what-you-can, and the recommended minimum donation is $20.

Basic Safety

See Laser_Manual/Basic_Safety for safety guidelines!


Care of the machine

Please don't perform any maintenance on the machine (including cleaning lenses/mirrors or aligning mirrors) unless you've specifically trained on it.

The laser cutter is finely calibrated piece of machinery. Please close the lid gently, and do not push or jar the machine at any time. Do not lean or press on the tray - it's fragile, and needs to be perfectly flat for the laser cutter to cut properly. If you take the honeycomb bed or slats out, please be ULTRA CAREFUL with them - put them somewhere where they won't get damaged or warped.

Paying for your laser time

The laser cutter has parts that wear out over time, which can be quite costly to replace, especially the laser tube. A new tube costs several thousand dollars. Thus, we require people to pay for the time on the laser they use, so we can pay for new parts. The cost for using the laser cutter is $5 per hour of cutting time.

To figure out how much time your job takes, press the File button, select your file, and then select Work Time from the menu. It will tell you in hours:minutes.seconds.

There is a laser cutter donation box on the wall of the Sparkle Forge room. Please pay for the cutting time you actually use, even if you end up running your job multiple times.


Workflow and software

See Laser_Manual/Workflows for software and usage details.


Materials and power settings

See Laser_Manual/Materials for approved materials and power settings.