RFID

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= 950 MHz UHF RFID system =
 +
 +
current state of things:  the reader works, we talk to it through serial, and it detects tags, but all the tags we have result in the same line of text from the reader.  We need to figure out what command to send to the reader to get it to tell us the full data of the tags, or at least their unique serial number.  We have over 100 tags, but they aren't readable until a piece of wire is soldered onto them as an antenna, which can be tailor made for the article they are being fixed onto.  -jake
 +
 
* We got this reader:  SAMSys MP9320 2.8
 
* We got this reader:  SAMSys MP9320 2.8
 
Various files related to this device:
 
Various files related to this device:
 
http://techsupweb.satoamerica.com/public/06_RFID/Software/RF%20Command%20Suite/
 
http://techsupweb.satoamerica.com/public/06_RFID/Software/RF%20Command%20Suite/
 +
 +
the protocol the reader talks is detailed at:
 +
[http://www.sirit.com/Tech_Support_Downloads/CHUMP_Prot_Ref_Gd_v7.0%5B1%5D.pdf CHUMP Protocol Reference Guide v7.0]
 +
 +
[http://itech.fgcu.edu/faculty/zalewski/projects/files/RFID_Zabala_final2.pdf The MP9320 cannot be made to work on ethernet, even though it has a port.]
 +
 +
The reader is connected to Minotaur through a USB to Serial adaptor which comes up as /dev/ttyUSB1
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<br>
 +
you should talk to it through its reliable pathname which is:<br>
 +
<tt>/dev/serial/by-id/usb-Keyspan__a_division_of_InnoSys_Inc._Keyspan_USA-19H-if00-port0</tt>
 +
<br>
 +
try the following command (as root on minotaur)<br>
 +
<tt># screen /dev/serial/by-id/usb-Keyspan__a_division_of_InnoSys_Inc._Keyspan_USA-19H-if00-port0 57600</tt><br>
 +
 +
the reader is now configured and it works.  when it detects a tag, the windows software tells you
 +
<br>
 +
Tag ID,Tag Name,Tag Type, Total Reads, Rate, Antenna, Date/Time               
 +
<br>
 +
3005FB63AC1F3841EC880467,,EPC1G2,1648,0.0,0,1/21/2013 11:04:06 PM                                                                                             
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
this is what the serial data looks like, 57600 baud: (it repeats constantly while the tag is nearby)                               
 +
<br>
 +
{Rd,d:3005FB63AC1F3841EC880467,t:EPC1G2,e:28;14                               
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
this reader has four antenna ports.  The windows software seems to tell you which antenna the tag was seen on, but we will need to find that information in the serial data, which should be easy.  The reason this matters is because we will end up having antennas in different locations (door at the top of the stairs, elevator room door, bottom of the steps) and we will want to react differently depending on where a tag is detected.
 +
 +
; Getting status of the beep:
 +
: }Cr,d:PCW!
 +
 +
; Enabling the audio beep:
 +
: }Cw,d:PCW,b:00000300!
 +
 +
; Disabling the audio beep
 +
: }Cw,d:PCW,b:00000200!
 +
 +
; Permanently disable the beep
 +
: }Cw,d:PCW,b:00000200,F:01!
 +
  
 
* Tags:
 
* Tags:
 +
[[File:Rfid-SL3ICS1002_1202.pdf]] finally!  we have the PDF for these tags.
  
we got these 900mhz band RFID tags available from mouser.com as part number SL3S1202AC0,118 they cost 8 cents each.
+
[[File:AN173211.pdf]] frequently asked questions about these RFID tags.
http://www.mouser.com/ProductDetail/NXP-Semiconductors/SL3S1202AC0118/?qs=sGAEpiMZZMvQHWqrh58LgXtw8BZ1psdi%252bSfsWYs2XZg%3d
+
  
the picture on the mouser site is wrong for these parts, they do not look anything like a 1206 capacitor.
+
we got these 900mhz band RFID tags available from mouser.com as part number SL3S1202AC0,118 they cost 7.4 cents each.<br>
 +
[http://www.mouser.com/ProductDetail/NXP-Semiconductors/SL3S1202AC0118/?qs=sGAEpiMZZMvQHWqrh58LgXtw8BZ1psdi%252bSfsWYs2XZg%3d mouser.com link to buy these tags]<br>
 +
(the picture on the mouser site is wrong for these parts, they do not look anything like a 1206 capacitor)
 +
 
 +
[http://spaz.org/~jake/r/rfid-SL3S1202AC0.zip zipfile containing many PDFs relating to these RFID tags including the NXP app notes]
  
 
these tags do not have an antenna - they are a grain of sand in the middle of a 3mm x 9mm piece of plastic.  On either side of the grain of sand is a copper contact that you can solder to if you're careful.  don't melt the plastic backing!  the whole thing will probably stick to whatever it was resting on when you soldered it, so prepare.  Make your antenna (a loop of wire probably, we are trying to figure out what works best) and solder it to the two contacts and then protect the thing with some hard (hitemp) hotglue or epoxy or something.
 
these tags do not have an antenna - they are a grain of sand in the middle of a 3mm x 9mm piece of plastic.  On either side of the grain of sand is a copper contact that you can solder to if you're careful.  don't melt the plastic backing!  the whole thing will probably stick to whatever it was resting on when you soldered it, so prepare.  Make your antenna (a loop of wire probably, we are trying to figure out what works best) and solder it to the two contacts and then protect the thing with some hard (hitemp) hotglue or epoxy or something.
Line 18: Line 66:
 
http://elcodis.com/parts/1758620/RI-UHF-STRAP-08.html#datasheet
 
http://elcodis.com/parts/1758620/RI-UHF-STRAP-08.html#datasheet
  
 +
* Antennas:  From the NXP app notes:
 +
** AN1523 has a reference design for a mid-range less than one meter read distance antenna. The antenna is 34 mm x 15 mm.
 +
** [AN0972|http://www.nxp.com/documents/application_note/097211.zip] has a reference design for a "general purpose" antenna with an optimal read range of 2.5 meters. The antenna is 1.25" x 0.875"
 +
** AN0969 has a 98 mm long antenna design, with a read range of 1 m to 6 m depending on the substrate you use. Teflon and polystyrene are best; Rogers TMM6 is the worst but has the least variation across the frequency range.
 +
** AN1615 has a short range ring antenna design. 8.3mm diameter ring. Read range of 2 cm.
 +
** AN1685 has an 80mm x 35mm antenna design, with a 6 meter read range.
  
 
* we did not get this reader:
 
* we did not get this reader:
 
http://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/572423327/RFID_reader_900MHz.html?s=p
 
http://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/572423327/RFID_reader_900MHz.html?s=p
 
http://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/608914064/long_range_900mhz_rfid_reader_from.html?s=p
 
http://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/608914064/long_range_900mhz_rfid_reader_from.html?s=p
 +
 +
= 125KHz and 13.56MHz card-style and fob-style and implant-style RFID systems =
 +
 +
Please bring RFID tags and readers to Noisebridge! We currently have very few tag samples. We're also looking for readers and ways to interface with RFID.
 +
 +
The current tag types (as detected by RFIDIOt) we have are:
 +
* MASTERCARD - a0 00 00 00 04 10 10 (HSBC MASTERCARD)
 +
 +
The current readers we have are:
 +
* Jake A. has a CardMan 5321 in his backpack, Noisebridge could use one if someone wants to donate one.
 +
* chris paget brought a small stack of parallax (grand idea studios) units to the  [[RFID_Hacking|2009-04-11 talk]].
 +
 +
== Software ==
 +
We're using [http://rfidiot.org/ RFIDIOt].

Revision as of 00:53, 13 March 2013

950 MHz UHF RFID system

current state of things: the reader works, we talk to it through serial, and it detects tags, but all the tags we have result in the same line of text from the reader. We need to figure out what command to send to the reader to get it to tell us the full data of the tags, or at least their unique serial number. We have over 100 tags, but they aren't readable until a piece of wire is soldered onto them as an antenna, which can be tailor made for the article they are being fixed onto. -jake

  • We got this reader: SAMSys MP9320 2.8

Various files related to this device: http://techsupweb.satoamerica.com/public/06_RFID/Software/RF%20Command%20Suite/

the protocol the reader talks is detailed at: CHUMP Protocol Reference Guide v7.0

The MP9320 cannot be made to work on ethernet, even though it has a port.

The reader is connected to Minotaur through a USB to Serial adaptor which comes up as /dev/ttyUSB1
you should talk to it through its reliable pathname which is:
/dev/serial/by-id/usb-Keyspan__a_division_of_InnoSys_Inc._Keyspan_USA-19H-if00-port0
try the following command (as root on minotaur)
# screen /dev/serial/by-id/usb-Keyspan__a_division_of_InnoSys_Inc._Keyspan_USA-19H-if00-port0 57600

the reader is now configured and it works. when it detects a tag, the windows software tells you
Tag ID,Tag Name,Tag Type, Total Reads, Rate, Antenna, Date/Time
3005FB63AC1F3841EC880467,,EPC1G2,1648,0.0,0,1/21/2013 11:04:06 PM

this is what the serial data looks like, 57600 baud: (it repeats constantly while the tag is nearby)
{Rd,d:3005FB63AC1F3841EC880467,t:EPC1G2,e:28;14

this reader has four antenna ports. The windows software seems to tell you which antenna the tag was seen on, but we will need to find that information in the serial data, which should be easy. The reason this matters is because we will end up having antennas in different locations (door at the top of the stairs, elevator room door, bottom of the steps) and we will want to react differently depending on where a tag is detected.

Getting status of the beep
}Cr,d:PCW!
Enabling the audio beep
}Cw,d:PCW,b:00000300!
Disabling the audio beep
}Cw,d:PCW,b:00000200!
Permanently disable the beep
}Cw,d:PCW,b:00000200,F:01!


  • Tags:

File:Rfid-SL3ICS1002 1202.pdf finally! we have the PDF for these tags.

File:AN173211.pdf frequently asked questions about these RFID tags.

we got these 900mhz band RFID tags available from mouser.com as part number SL3S1202AC0,118 they cost 7.4 cents each.
mouser.com link to buy these tags
(the picture on the mouser site is wrong for these parts, they do not look anything like a 1206 capacitor)

zipfile containing many PDFs relating to these RFID tags including the NXP app notes

these tags do not have an antenna - they are a grain of sand in the middle of a 3mm x 9mm piece of plastic. On either side of the grain of sand is a copper contact that you can solder to if you're careful. don't melt the plastic backing! the whole thing will probably stick to whatever it was resting on when you soldered it, so prepare. Make your antenna (a loop of wire probably, we are trying to figure out what works best) and solder it to the two contacts and then protect the thing with some hard (hitemp) hotglue or epoxy or something.

the PDF for the RFID tags above File:Rfid.pdf

similar to this from TI: http://elcodis.com/parts/1758620/RI-UHF-STRAP-08.html#datasheet

  • Antennas: From the NXP app notes:
    • AN1523 has a reference design for a mid-range less than one meter read distance antenna. The antenna is 34 mm x 15 mm.
    • [AN0972|http://www.nxp.com/documents/application_note/097211.zip] has a reference design for a "general purpose" antenna with an optimal read range of 2.5 meters. The antenna is 1.25" x 0.875"
    • AN0969 has a 98 mm long antenna design, with a read range of 1 m to 6 m depending on the substrate you use. Teflon and polystyrene are best; Rogers TMM6 is the worst but has the least variation across the frequency range.
    • AN1615 has a short range ring antenna design. 8.3mm diameter ring. Read range of 2 cm.
    • AN1685 has an 80mm x 35mm antenna design, with a 6 meter read range.
  • we did not get this reader:

http://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/572423327/RFID_reader_900MHz.html?s=p http://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/608914064/long_range_900mhz_rfid_reader_from.html?s=p

125KHz and 13.56MHz card-style and fob-style and implant-style RFID systems

Please bring RFID tags and readers to Noisebridge! We currently have very few tag samples. We're also looking for readers and ways to interface with RFID.

The current tag types (as detected by RFIDIOt) we have are:

* MASTERCARD - a0 00 00 00 04 10 10 (HSBC MASTERCARD)

The current readers we have are:

* Jake A. has a CardMan 5321 in his backpack, Noisebridge could use one if someone wants to donate one.
* chris paget brought a small stack of parallax (grand idea studios) units to the  2009-04-11 talk. 

Software

We're using RFIDIOt.

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