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December 21 2016

Understanding the brainduino v0.1

Power supplies, voltage/current regulator. voltage reference

LT1761 - 100mA, Low Noise, LDO Micropower Regulators (IC7) (5 Volts for DC offset, 2.5 V after voltage divider, feeds + signal inputs of 2 different op amps, also provides 5 V reference for Arduino)

RB-0512 - +/- 12 V for op amp (RB-0512 D/P -- recom 12v dc/dc converter) (drives all op amps, also feeds LT1761)

Voltage divider (cf LT1761) built around SJ10, SJ11 a voltage divider for each channel ... also linked with capacitors (two 10 microFarad on input, 0.1 microFarad for each output channel)

Op Amps

  • for amplification (instrumentation amp setup)
  • for filtering (capacitors C15 and C11

Butterworth filter

Arduino (ADC, communication with Bluetooth module)

... examining the hardware: question about IC2 - funky solder, corrosion? First amplifier of channel one (IC2A and IC2B)

verified IC5, IC6 not populated ...

still looking for IC7! found it. It has some funky solder right next to it. IC7 is tiny. Is it actually IC7? Unlabeled solder blob next to it has white rectangle printed around it ... so maybe solder jumper

IC7 connects to C32

SJ16 is one step closer to bringing voltage divider into effect.

Can measure on blob for 5 Volts ...

There may be some test points near U$7

Some resistors from divider network identified? R39 is 4.3 K Ohms R34 and R35 are each 10 K Ohms ? both contact R29 which is 2.15 K Ohms to ground

IMG 9574.jpg IMG 9573.jpg

December 14 2016

what is value of c33? 50 pF or 1 nF ? determines high-cut frequency either 160 Hz (1 nF) or 3200 Hz (50 pF)

Op amps ...

OPA2111 - what gain? expecting ~ 100 ?

what values for R27, R23, R24 ? (also R28, R25, R26)

R27 should be 2K ohms R23, R24 -> 100K ohms

cf instrumentation amp (figure 9 of 1 + (R23 + R24) / R27 ... so 1 + (200 K / 2 K) = 101

so if input signal is on order of 100 microvolts then output of first amp will be 10.100 millivolts (really more like -50 to +50 microvolts -> -5 to +5 millivolts)

AD8422 R5 and R6 are 200 ohms G = 1 + (19.8 kΩ/RG) = 1 + 99 = 100

??? also see fig. 56 on page 20 of

now consider if input to AD8422 is on order of 10 millivolts output will be 1.000 volts (or if no offset voltage and input is actually ~ -5 to +5 millivolts, then output will be -0.5 to +0.5 volts)

(however, there is a +2.5 Volt DC offset impinging on the AD2177 part of the instrumentation amp setup ... we think this is ok to say ... But is option A grounded -- no offset -- or 2.5 volts ?

where might DC offset voltage come into play?

2nd Stage AD8422 Instrumentation amp with gain resistor 2(10 kΩ + RREF)/(20 kΩ + RREF) In figure 56, you will see that an op amp is used to input to the VREF pin.

3rd stage Low-cut (aka high-pass ) filter and DC offset to 3rd Stage OP2177ARMZ ( IC1B Ch1 and IC1A Ch2 )

4th Stage IC3D>IC3C Ch1, and IC3A>IC3B, Potentially considered a two-pole high-cut(aka low-pass)

Next week: verify 101 x gain, 100 x gain, DC offset !