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Anarchist Hackers[1][2] [3][4][5][6][7][8] are a techno political movement born out of the core values of the hacker ethics and the decentralization and horizontal societies of the Anarchist philosophy.

Hackers on Planet earth 2018 hacker conference
Anarchist Hackers on Anti IMF world trade protests

History[edit | edit source]

The cyberpunk literature and the hacker ethics[9] by Stenve Levy influenced libertarian rebel tech kids that already had prevision visions of a totalitarian future society owned by governments and then by corporations. Starting with 1984, blade runner, Mona Lisa overdrive, Neuromancer, hacker ethics and the introduction of ideology and political thinking in digital forms, Mikhail Bakunin, Peter Kropotkin, Emma Goldman, Catalonia, CNT, zapatistas. With this influence, and modernizing ideologies to modern day the ideals with free software, digital production of goods, open source, open hardware, Internet decentralization, privacy and autonomy, etc.

CNT-FAI Anarchist Feminists - Mujeres Libres

At some point the very anti state hackers found themselves reading deeper and finding true anarchist ideology and with it shifting to also confront capitalism, corporate power, and any form of oppression, leaving behind the simplistic hacker view of distrust for government from the late 80's.

Anon Anarchist Action pre-banner 2010
Anon Anarchist Action banner at Occupy San Francisco 2011

When did hackers start to distrust government and corporations? 1980's + hacker wars, FBI raids, and later the Crypto Wars pushing middle and working class hackers to get a deeper social-economic understanding of the world we live in. The parallel ramifications that somehow goes hand in hand cypher punk and crypto-anarchists[10] movements etc. The participation of Anarchist Hackers, hacktivists, anonymous and such in the Occupy Movement mark the reference where anarchist hackers made a big difference for the first time on street not just internet activism specially at occupy oakland and occupy San Francisco.

During the years many names in the tech world have presented manifestos of revolutionary politics regarding the hacker culture. In 2003 big names in the free software community like Eric B Raymon with his Jargon files or Eben Moglen with his The dotCommunistManifesto later on Aaron Swartz wrote the Guerrila Open Access Manifesto[11].

Out of the mention above on i2p some hacktivist decided to organize and write their own manifesto directly positioning an anarchist hacker manifesto, was the pioneer one made around when anonymous was born, a couple rewritten versions later and we have a 2018 one with updated content.

Several notorious groups and individuals have come out of this movement like riseup[12][13] and antisec also of course anarchist hacker spaces like noisebridge[14][15] in San Francisco and C-Base in Berlin among others.

Free Anarchaos

There are many hidden anarchist hackers but Jeremy Hammond was the first self described Anarchist hacker to get caught[16][17]

Anarchist hackers first organized as such, and still roam the realms of the i2p darknet this is when many got together between 2010 and 2011 to form the first collectives made of the exclusive participation by anarchist and other left leaning radicals

- This is when the Anarchist hackers reached maturity -

2015 +[edit | edit source]

TV shows like:

and person or collective called Phineas Fisher[19] engaging other hackers to follow anarchist hacker ideals and fight with the hackback[20] call to direct action.

Podcast like:

Documentaries like:

In the last three years, academic papers have been analyzing in a direct matter some of the ideals of technology with anarchism[21][22] that Anarchist Hackers have been writing since the early 90's.

1Komona at 34c3 hacker conference
Radical Club Culture collective from Berlin at 34c3 1Komona area

At hacker conferences the chaos computer club has always been the spot for anarchist hackers, from the beginning the chaos computer club has had an affinity with left politics and anarchist flavors[23][24]. Lately a group of anarchist hackers started to organize under one international name called 1Komona[25] in honor of the area were CCC organized first.

|| Category:Anarchism || Category:Hacking || Category:Social justice || Category:Crypto-anarchism || Category:Cyberpunk || Category:Anti-fascism || Category:Political culture || Category:Privacy activists ||

[1]. BBK (2018-07-27). "Hope 2018". Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[2]. "Session:Anarchist hackers - Hispagatos International anarchist-hacker collective - 34C3_Wiki". Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[3]. "Anarchist Hackers". Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[4]. "Notorious Hacker Groups Vow to Join Forces Against World Governments". Fox News. 2015-03-27. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[5]. "Session:Anarchist hackers - Hispagatos International anarchist-hacker collective - 34C3_Wiki". Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[6]. "anarchist hacker jeremy hammond's sentencing postponed until mid-november". activist defense. 2013-07-26. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[7]. "An Anarchist Explains How Hackers Could Cause Global Chaos". Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[8]. Evans, Garrett (2015-02-12). "Anarchist hackers start cyber war with ISIS". TheHill. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[9]. Steven., Levy (1984). "Hackers : heroes of the computer revolution (1st ed.)". Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Press/Doubleday. ISBN 978-0385191951. OCLC 10605060.
[10]. Bartlett, Jamie (2017-06-04). "Forget far-right populism – crypto-anarchists are the new masters". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[11]. Aaron Swartz. "Guerilla Open Access Manifesto".
[12]. Kayyali, Katitza Rodriguez and Dia (2015-01-16)."Security is Not a Crime—Unless You're an Anarchist". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[13]. Jeffries, Adrianne (2014-04-15). "This anarchist collective is demanding $3 billion from Google". The Verge. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[14]. "Anatomy of an anarchist hackerspace". New Worker Magazine. 2015-02-20. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[15]. Strange Parts, "Inside San Francisco's Anarchist Hackerspace", retrieved 2019-01-20
[16]. Smith, Gerry (2013-05-28)."Jeremy Hammond, Anonymous Hacker, Pleads Guilty To Stratfor Attack". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[17]. News, A. B. C. (2014-11-13). "Notorious Hacker's Password: His Cat's Name". ABC News. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[18]. Crecente, Brian (2015-05-27). "Watch the entire season premiere of hacker anarchist show Mr. Robot right now". Polygon. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[19]. Franceschi-Bicchierai, Lorenzo; Maiberg, Emanuel; Koebler, Jason (2018-11-12). "Hacking Team Hacker Phineas Fisher Has Gotten Away With It". Motherboard. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[20]. "HackBack".
[21]. Dunlap, Alexander. "Reflections on Authoritarian Populism: Democracy, Technology and Ecological Destruction". Entitle Blog: A Collaborative Writing Project on Political Ecology.
[22]. Gordon, Uri. "ANARCHISM AND THE POLITICS OF TECHNOLOGY". WorkingUSA. 12 (3): 489–503. ISSN 1089-7011.
[23]. Malliaraki, Eirini (2018-01-01). "34C3- Reflections on the Hacker Ethos // Chaos Engineering". Medium. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[24]. "Chaos Computer Club - Hack Story". Retrieved 2019-01-20.
[25]. "Assembly:1Komona - 34C3_Wiki". Retrieved 2019-01-20.