Deescalation

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In the training section of the intervention, the participants were introduced to the idea that implicit bias can be overcome through a combination of motivation, awareness, and the use of bias-reduction strategies, and they are taught five such strategies. These strategies were identical to the strategies used by Devine and colleagues (2012), which included stereotype replacement (Monteith, 1993), counter-stereotypic imaging (Blair, Ma, & Lenton, 2001), individuating (Brewer, 1988; Fiske & Neuberg, 1990), perspective taking (Galinsky & Moskowitz, 2000), and increasing opportunities for contact (Pettigrew, 1998; Pettigrew & Tropp, 2006). To enhance the perceived utility of these strategies, immediately after learning about each one, participants were asked to generate examples of how they could use the strategy in their own life (Hulleman & Harackiewicz, 2009). Participants were informed that the strategies could have synergistic effects and that the more they practiced the strategies, the more effective they would be.

--Forscher et al, 2016

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